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Congestion Games with Multisets of Resources and Applications in Synthesis

Authors Guy Avni, Orna Kupferman, Tami Tamir



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Author Details

Guy Avni
Orna Kupferman
Tami Tamir

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Guy Avni, Orna Kupferman, and Tami Tamir. Congestion Games with Multisets of Resources and Applications in Synthesis. In 35th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 45, pp. 365-379, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2015.365

Abstract

In classical congestion games, players' strategies are subsets of resources. We introduce and study multiset congestion games, where players' strategies are multisets of resources. Thus, in each strategy a player may need to use each resource a different number of times, and his cost for using the resource depends on the load that he and the other players generate on the resource. Beyond the theoretical interest in examining the effect of a repeated use of resources, our study enables better understanding of non-cooperative systems and environments whose behavior is not covered by previously studied models. Indeed, congestion games with multiset-strategies arise, for example, in production planing and network formation with tasks that are more involved than reachability. We study in detail the application of synthesis from component libraries: different users synthesize systems by gluing together components from a component library. A component may be used in several systems and may be used several times in a system. The performance of a component and hence the system's quality depends on the load on it. Our results reveal how the richer setting of multisets congestion games affects the stability and equilibrium efficiency compared to standard congestion games. In particular, while we present very simple instances with no pure Nash equilibrium and prove tighter and simpler lower bounds for equilibrium inefficiency, we are also able to show that some of the positive results known for affine and weighted congestion games apply to the richer setting of multisets.
Keywords
  • Congestion games
  • Multiset strategies
  • Equilibrium existence and computation
  • Equilibrium inefficiency

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