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Decremental Matching in General Graphs

Authors Sepehr Assadi, Aaron Bernstein, Aditi Dudeja



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Sepehr Assadi
  • Department of Computer Science, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA
Aaron Bernstein
  • Department of Computer Science, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA
Aditi Dudeja
  • Department of Computer Science, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA

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Sepehr Assadi, Aaron Bernstein, and Aditi Dudeja. Decremental Matching in General Graphs. In 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 229, pp. 11:1-11:19, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.11

Abstract

We consider the problem of maintaining an approximate maximum integral matching in a dynamic graph G, while the adversary makes changes to the edges of the graph. The goal is to maintain a (1+ε)-approximate maximum matching for constant ε > 0, while minimizing the update time. In the fully dynamic setting, where both edge insertion and deletions are allowed, Gupta and Peng (see [Manoj Gupta and Richard Peng, 2013]) gave an algorithm for this problem with an update time of O(√m/ε²). Motivated by the fact that the O_ε(√m) barrier is hard to overcome (see Henzinger, Krinninger, Nanongkai, and Saranurak [Henzinger et al., 2015]; Kopelowitz, Pettie, and Porat [Kopelowitz et al., 2016]), we study this problem in the decremental model, where the adversary is only allowed to delete edges. Recently, Bernstein, Probst-Gutenberg, and Saranurak (see [Bernstein et al., 2020]) gave an O(poly({log n}/ε)) update time decremental algorithm for this problem in bipartite graphs. However, beating O(√m) update time remained an open problem for general graphs. In this paper, we bridge the gap between bipartite and general graphs, by giving an O_ε(poly(log n)) update time algorithm that maintains a (1+ε)-approximate maximum integral matching under adversarial deletions. Our algorithm is randomized, but works against an adaptive adversary. Together with the work of Grandoni, Leonardi, Sankowski, Schwiegelshohn, and Solomon [Fabrizio Grandoni et al., 2019] who give an O_ε(1) update time algorithm for general graphs in the incremental (insertion-only) model, our result essentially completes the picture for partially dynamic matching.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation → Dynamic graph algorithms
Keywords
  • Dynamic algorithms
  • matching
  • primal-dual algorithms

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References

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