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# On Directed Covering and Domination Problems

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LIPIcs.ISAAC.2017.45.pdf
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## Cite As

Tesshu Hanaka, Naomi Nishimura, and Hirotaka Ono. On Directed Covering and Domination Problems. In 28th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 92, pp. 45:1-45:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)
https://doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2017.45

## Abstract

In this paper, we study covering and domination problems on directed graphs. Although undirected Vertex Cover and Edge Dominating Set are well-studied classical graph problems, the directed versions have not been studied much due to the lack of clear definitions. We give natural definitions for Directed r-In (Out) Vertex Cover and Directed (p,q)-Edge Dominating Set as directed generations of Vertex Cover and Edge Dominating Set. For these problems, we show that (1) Directed r-In (Out) Vertex Cover and Directed (p,q)-Edge Dominating Set are NP-complete on planar directed acyclic graphs except when r=1 or (p,q)=(0,0), (2) if r>=2, Directed r-In (Out) Vertex Cover is W[2]-hard and (c*ln k)-inapproximable on directed acyclic graphs, (3) if either p or q is greater than 1, Directed (p,q)-Edge Dominating Set is W[2]-hard and (c*ln k)-inapproximable on directed acyclic graphs, (4) all problems can be solved in polynomial time on trees, and (5) Directed (0,1),(1,0),(1,1)-Edge Dominating Set are fixed-parameter tractable in general graphs. The first result implies that (directed) r-Dominating Set on directed line graphs is NP-complete even if r=1.
##### Keywords
• directed graph
• vertex cover
• dominating set
• edge dominating set
• fixed-parameter algorithms

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