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Integrating ULTRA and Trip-Based Routing

Authors Jonas Sauer, Dorothea Wagner, Tobias Zündorf



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Author Details

Jonas Sauer
  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany
Dorothea Wagner
  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany
Tobias Zündorf
  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany

Acknowledgements

We thank Sascha Witt for many fruitful discussions about Trip-Based Routing.

Cite AsGet BibTex

Jonas Sauer, Dorothea Wagner, and Tobias Zündorf. Integrating ULTRA and Trip-Based Routing. In 20th Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2020). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 85, pp. 4:1-4:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)
https://doi.org/10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2020.4

Abstract

We study a bi-modal journey planning scenario consisting of a public transit network and a transfer graph representing a secondary transportation mode (e.g., walking or cycling). Given a pair of source and target locations, the objective is to find a Pareto set of journeys optimizing arrival time and the number of required transfers. For public transit networks with a restricted, transitively closed transfer graph, one of the fastest known algorithms solving this bi-criteria problem is Trip-Based Routing [Witt, 2015]. However, this algorithm cannot be trivially extended to unrestricted transfer graphs. In this work, we combine Trip-Based Routing with ULTRA [Baum et al., 2019], a preprocessing technique that allows any public transit algorithm that requires transitive transfers to handle an unrestricted transfer graph. Since both ULTRA and Trip-Based Routing precompute transfer shortcuts in a preprocessing phase, a naive combination of the two leads to a three-phase algorithm that performs redundant work and produces superfluous shortcuts. We therefore propose a new, integrated preprocessing phase that combines the advantages of both and reduces the number of computed shortcuts by up to a factor of 9 compared to a naive combination. The resulting query algorithm, ULTRA-Trip-Based is the fastest known algorithm for the considered problem setting, achieving a speedup of up to 4 compared to the fastest previously known approach, ULTRA-RAPTOR.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Theory of computation → Shortest paths
  • Mathematics of computing → Graph algorithms
  • Applied computing → Transportation
Keywords
  • Algorithms
  • Journey Planning
  • Multi-Modal
  • Public Transportation

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