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Computational Thinking Education Using Stickers and Scanners in Elementary School Classes

Authors Akiyuki Minamide, Kazuya Takemata, Hirofumi Yamada

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Author Details

Akiyuki Minamide
  • International College of Technology, Kanazawa, Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa, Japan
Kazuya Takemata
  • International College of Technology, Kanazawa, Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa, Japan
Hirofumi Yamada
  • Kanazawa Institute of Technology, Hakusan-shi, Ishikawa, Japan

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Akiyuki Minamide, Kazuya Takemata, and Hirofumi Yamada. Computational Thinking Education Using Stickers and Scanners in Elementary School Classes. In First International Computer Programming Education Conference (ICPEC 2020). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 81, pp. 16:1-16:7, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Programming education will be compulsory at elementary schools from fiscal 2020 in Japan. Programming education in elementary school does not teach programming language coding, but computational thinking. This paper describes a new programming education method using stickers and a scanner that combine the features of unplugged programming and physical programming. The new materials developed in this study offer superior features compared to commercial materials, such as low cost, use in lower grades class in elementary school, and no need for teacher ICT skills. Demonstration experiments were conducted on 66 third-grade elementary school students to confirm the effectiveness of the materials. The children used the new teaching materials without being confused, and the teachers were able to smoothly teach. From this result, it was confirmed that this teaching material could be used in the lower grades class of elementary school.

Subject Classification

ACM Subject Classification
  • Social and professional topics → Computer science education
  • computational thinking
  • programming education
  • programming with stickers


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