A Framework to Quantify the Overestimations of Static WCET Analysis

Authors Hugues Cassé, Haluk Ozaktas, Christine Rochange

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Hugues Cassé
Haluk Ozaktas
Christine Rochange

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Hugues Cassé, Haluk Ozaktas, and Christine Rochange. A Framework to Quantify the Overestimations of Static WCET Analysis. In 15th International Workshop on Worst-Case Execution Time Analysis (WCET 2015). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 47, pp. 1-10, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


To reduce complexity while computing an upper bound on the worst-case execution time, static WCET analysis performs over-approximations. This feeds the general feeling that static WCET estimations can be far above the real WCET. This feeling is strengthened when these estimations are compared to measured execution times: generally, it is very unlikely to capture the worstcase from observations, then the difference between the highest watermark and the proven WCET upper bound might be considerable. In this paper, we introduce a framework to quantify the possible overestimation on WCET upper bounds obtained by static analysis. The objective is to derive a lower bound on the WCET to complement the upper bound.
  • Static WCET analysis
  • uncertainty
  • overestimation
  • cache analysis


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