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DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2019.25
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-111467
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/11146/
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Brand, Cornelius

Patching Colors with Tensors

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LIPIcs-ESA-2019-25.pdf (0.5 MB)


Abstract

We describe a generic way of exponentially speeding up algorithms which rely on Color-Coding by using the recently introduced technique of Extensor-Coding (Brand, Dell and Husfeldt, STOC 2018). To demonstrate the usefulness of this "patching" of Color-Coding algorithms, we apply it ad hoc to the exponential-space algorithms given in Gutin et al. (Journal Comp. Sys. Sci. 2018) and obtain the fastest known deterministic algorithms for, among others, the k-internal out-branching and k-internal spanning tree problems. To realize these technical advances, we make qualitative progress in a special case of the detection of multilinear monomials in multivariate polynomials: We give the first deterministic fixed-parameter tractable algorithm for the k-multilinear detection problem on a class of arithmetic circuits that may involve cancellations, as long as the computed polynomial is promised to satisfy a certain natural condition. Furthermore, we explore the limitations of using this very approach to speed up algorithms by determining exactly the dimension of a crucial subalgebra of extensors that arises naturally in the instantiation of the technique: It is equal to F_{2k+1}, the kth odd term in the Fibonacci sequence. To determine this dimension, we use tools from the theory of Gröbner bases, and the studied algebraic object may be of independent interest. We note that the asymptotic bound of F_{2k+1} ~~ phi^(2k) = O(2.619^k) curiously coincides with the running time bound on one of the fastest algorithms for the k-path problem based on representative sets due to Fomin et al. (JACM 2016). Here, phi is the golden ratio.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{brand:LIPIcs:2019:11146,
  author =	{Cornelius Brand},
  title =	{{Patching Colors with Tensors}},
  booktitle =	{27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019)},
  pages =	{25:1--25:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-124-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{144},
  editor =	{Michael A. Bender and Ola Svensson and Grzegorz Herman},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/11146},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-111467},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2019.25},
  annote =	{Keywords: Color-Coding, Extensor-Coding, internal out-branching, colorful problems, algebraic algorithms, multilinear detection, deterministic algorithms, exte}
}

Keywords: Color-Coding, Extensor-Coding, internal out-branching, colorful problems, algebraic algorithms, multilinear detection, deterministic algorithms, exte
Seminar: 27th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 06.09.2019


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