Abstract
We present a timeoptimal deterministic distributed algorithm for approximating a minimum weight vertex cover in hypergraphs of rank f. This problem is equivalent to the Minimum Weight Set Cover problem in which the frequency of every element is bounded by f. The approximation factor of our algorithm is (f+epsilon). Let Delta denote the maximum degree in the hypergraph. Our algorithm runs in the congest model and requires O(log{Delta} / log log Delta) rounds, for constants epsilon in (0,1] and f in N^+. This is the first distributed algorithm for this problem whose running time does not depend on the vertex weights nor the number of vertices. Thus adding another member to the exclusive family of provably optimal distributed algorithms.
For constant values of f and epsilon, our algorithm improves over the (f+epsilon)approximation algorithm of [Fabian Kuhn et al., 2006] whose running time is O(log Delta + log W), where W is the ratio between the largest and smallest vertex weights in the graph. Our algorithm also achieves an fapproximation for the problem in O(f log n) rounds, improving over the classical result of [Samir Khuller et al., 1994] that achieves a running time of O(f log^2 n). Finally, for weighted vertex cover (f=2) our algorithm achieves a deterministic running time of O(log n), matching the randomized previously best result of [Koufogiannakis and Young, 2011].
We also show that integer coveringprograms can be reduced to the Minimum Weight Set Cover problem in the distributed setting. This allows us to achieve an (f+epsilon)approximate integral solution in O((1+f/log n)* ((log Delta)/(log log Delta) + (f * log M)^{1.01}* log epsilon^{1}* (log Delta)^{0.01})) rounds, where f bounds the number of variables in a constraint, Delta bounds the number of constraints a variable appears in, and M=max {1, ceil[1/a_{min}]}, where a_{min} is the smallest normalized constraint coefficient. This improves over the results of [Fabian Kuhn et al., 2006] for the integral case, which combined with rounding achieves the same guarantees in O(epsilon^{4}* f^4 * log f * log(M * Delta)) rounds.
BibTeX  Entry
@InProceedings{benbasat_et_al:LIPIcs:2019:11312,
author = {Ran BenBasat and Guy Even and Kenichi Kawarabayashi and Gregory Schwartzman},
title = {{Optimal Distributed Covering Algorithms}},
booktitle = {33rd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2019)},
pages = {5:15:15},
series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
ISBN = {9783959771269},
ISSN = {18688969},
year = {2019},
volume = {146},
editor = {Jukka Suomela},
publisher = {Schloss DagstuhlLeibnizZentrum fuer Informatik},
address = {Dagstuhl, Germany},
URL = {http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/11312},
URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030drops113129},
doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2019.5},
annote = {Keywords: Distributed Algorithms, Approximation Algorithms, Vertex Cover, Set Cover}
}
Keywords: 

Distributed Algorithms, Approximation Algorithms, Vertex Cover, Set Cover 
Seminar: 

33rd International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2019) 
Issue Date: 

2019 
Date of publication: 

11.10.2019 