License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2019.7
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-117933
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2020/11793/
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Cachin, Christian ; Tackmann, Björn

Asymmetric Distributed Trust

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LIPIcs-OPODIS-2019-7.pdf (0.7 MB)


Abstract

Quorum systems are a key abstraction in distributed fault-tolerant computing for capturing trust assumptions. They can be found at the core of many algorithms for implementing reliable broadcasts, shared memory, consensus and other problems. This paper introduces asymmetric Byzantine quorum systems that model subjective trust. Every process is free to choose which combinations of other processes it trusts and which ones it considers faulty. Asymmetric quorum systems strictly generalize standard Byzantine quorum systems, which have only one global trust assumption for all processes. This work also presents protocols that implement abstractions of shared memory and broadcast primitives with processes prone to Byzantine faults and asymmetric trust. The model and protocols pave the way for realizing more elaborate algorithms with asymmetric trust.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{cachin_et_al:LIPIcs:2020:11793,
  author =	{Christian Cachin and Bj{\"o}rn Tackmann},
  title =	{{Asymmetric Distributed Trust}},
  booktitle =	{23rd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2019)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-133-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{153},
  editor =	{Pascal Felber and Roy Friedman and Seth Gilbert and Avery Miller},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2020/11793},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-117933},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2019.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quorums, consensus, distributed trust, blockchains, cryptocurrencies}
}

Keywords: Quorums, consensus, distributed trust, blockchains, cryptocurrencies
Collection: 23rd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2019)
Issue Date: 2020
Date of publication: 11.02.2020


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