License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2020.19
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-123826
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Jacob, Romain ; Zhang, Licong ; Zimmerling, Marco ; Beutel, Jan ; Chakraborty, Samarjit ; Thiele, Lothar

The Time-Triggered Wireless Architecture

LIPIcs-ECRTS-2020-19.pdf (0.9 MB)


Wirelessly interconnected sensors, actuators, and controllers promise greater flexibility, lower installation and maintenance costs, and higher robustness in harsh conditions than wired solutions. However, to facilitate the adoption of wireless communication in cyber-physical systems (CPS), the functional and non-functional properties must be similar to those known from wired architectures. We thus present Time-Triggered Wireless (TTW), a wireless architecture for multi-mode CPS that offers reliable communication with guarantees on end-to-end delays among distributed applications executing on low-cost, low-power embedded devices. We achieve this by exploiting the high reliability and deterministic behavior of a synchronous transmission based communication stack we design, and by coupling the timings of distributed task executions and message exchanges across the wireless network by solving a novel co-scheduling problem. While some of the concepts in TTW have existed for some time and TTW has already been successfully applied for feedback control and coordination of multiple mechanical systems with closed-loop stability guarantees, this paper presents the key algorithmic, scheduling, and networking mechanisms behind TTW, along with their experimental evaluation, which have not been known so far. TTW is open source and ready to use:

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Romain Jacob and Licong Zhang and Marco Zimmerling and Jan Beutel and Samarjit Chakraborty and Lothar Thiele},
  title =	{{The Time-Triggered Wireless Architecture}},
  booktitle =	{32nd Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2020)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:25},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-152-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{165},
  editor =	{Marcus V{\"o}lp},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-123826},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2020.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: Time-triggered architecture, wireless bus, synchronous transmissions}

Keywords: Time-triggered architecture, wireless bus, synchronous transmissions
Collection: 32nd Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2020)
Issue Date: 2020
Date of publication: 30.06.2020
Supplementary Material: ECRTS 2020 Artifact Evaluation approved artifact available at - -

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