License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2021.17
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-143948
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Balasubramanian, A. R. ; Thejaswini, K. S.

Adaptive Synchronisation of Pushdown Automata

LIPIcs-CONCUR-2021-17.pdf (0.9 MB)


We introduce the notion of adaptive synchronisation for pushdown automata, in which there is an external observer who has no knowledge about the current state of the pushdown automaton, but can observe the contents of the stack. The observer would then like to decide if it is possible to bring the automaton from any state into some predetermined state by giving inputs to it in an adaptive manner, i.e., the next input letter to be given can depend on how the contents of the stack changed after the current input letter. We show that for non-deterministic pushdown automata, this problem is 2-EXPTIME-complete and for deterministic pushdown automata, we show EXPTIME-completeness.
To prove the lower bounds, we first introduce (different variants of) subset-synchronisation and show that these problems are polynomial-time equivalent with the adaptive synchronisation problem. We then prove hardness results for the subset-synchronisation problems. For proving the upper bounds, we consider the problem of deciding if a given alternating pushdown system has an accepting run with at most k leaves and we provide an n^O(k²) time algorithm for this problem.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Balasubramanian, A. R. and Thejaswini, K. S.},
  title =	{{Adaptive Synchronisation of Pushdown Automata}},
  booktitle =	{32nd International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2021)},
  pages =	{17:1--17:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-203-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{203},
  editor =	{Haddad, Serge and Varacca, Daniele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-143948},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2021.17},
  annote =	{Keywords: Adaptive synchronisation, Pushdown automata, Alternating pushdown systems}

Keywords: Adaptive synchronisation, Pushdown automata, Alternating pushdown systems
Collection: 32nd International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2021)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 13.08.2021

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