License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2021.5
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-148746
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/14874/
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Costa, Elia ; Silvestri, Francesco

On the Bike Spreading Problem

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OASIcs-ATMOS-2021-5.pdf (4 MB)


Abstract

A free-floating bike-sharing system (FFBSS) is a dockless rental system where an individual can borrow a bike and returns it anywhere, within the service area. To improve the rental service, available bikes should be distributed over the entire service area: a customer leaving from any position is then more likely to find a near bike and then to use the service. Moreover, spreading bikes among the entire service area increases urban spatial equity since the benefits of FFBSS are not a prerogative of just a few zones. For guaranteeing such distribution, the FFBSS operator can use vans to manually relocate bikes, but it incurs high economic and environmental costs. We propose a novel approach that exploits the existing bike flows generated by customers to distribute bikes. More specifically, by envisioning the problem as an Influence Maximization problem, we show that it is possible to position batches of bikes on a small number of zones, and then the daily use of FFBSS will efficiently spread these bikes on a large area. We show that detecting these zones is NP-complete, but there exists a simple and efficient 1-1/e approximation algorithm; our approach is then evaluated on a dataset of rides from the free-floating bike-sharing system of the city of Padova.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{costa_et_al:OASIcs.ATMOS.2021.5,
  author =	{Costa, Elia and Silvestri, Francesco},
  title =	{{On the Bike Spreading Problem}},
  booktitle =	{21st Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2021)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:16},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-213-6},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{96},
  editor =	{M\"{u}ller-Hannemann, Matthias and Perea, Federico},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/14874},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-148746},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2021.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: Mobility data, bike sharing, bike relocation, influence maximization, NP-completeness, approximation algorithm}
}

Keywords: Mobility data, bike sharing, bike relocation, influence maximization, NP-completeness, approximation algorithm
Collection: 21st Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2021)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 27.09.2021
Supplementary Material: The source code and input graphs used for the experiments are publicly available.
Software (Source Code): https://github.com/AlgoUniPD/BikeSpreadingProblem archived at: https://archive.softwareheritage.org/swh:1:dir:d112339ca8a7c5bdad285cbb441537fe32f58734


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