License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.19
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-154025
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/15402/
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Fischer, Dennis ; Hartmann, Tim A. ; Lendl, Stefan ; Woeginger, Gerhard J.

An Investigation of the Recoverable Robust Assignment Problem

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LIPIcs-IPEC-2021-19.pdf (0.7 MB)


Abstract

We investigate the so-called recoverable robust assignment problem on complete bipartite graphs, a mainstream problem in robust optimization: For two given linear cost functions c₁ and c₂ on the edges and a given integer k, the goal is to find two perfect matchings M₁ and M₂ that minimize the objective value c₁(M₁)+c₂(M₂), subject to the constraint that M₁ and M₂ have at least k edges in common.
We derive a variety of results on this problem. First, we show that the problem is W[1]-hard with respect to parameter k, and also with respect to the complementary parameter k' = n/2-k. This hardness result holds even in the highly restricted special case where both cost functions c₁ and c₂ only take the values 0 and 1. (On the other hand, containment of the problem in XP is straightforward to see.) Next, as a positive result we construct a polynomial time algorithm for the special case where one cost function is Monge, whereas the other one is Anti-Monge. Finally, we study the variant where matching M₁ is frozen, and where the optimization goal is to compute the best corresponding matching M₂. This problem variant is known to be contained in the randomized parallel complexity class RNC², and we show that it is at least as hard as the infamous problem Exact Red-Blue Matching in Bipartite Graphs whose computational complexity is a long-standing open problem.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{fischer_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.19,
  author =	{Fischer, Dennis and Hartmann, Tim A. and Lendl, Stefan and Woeginger, Gerhard J.},
  title =	{{An Investigation of the Recoverable Robust Assignment Problem}},
  booktitle =	{16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-216-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{214},
  editor =	{Golovach, Petr A. and Zehavi, Meirav},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/15402},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-154025},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: assignment problem, matchings, exact matching, robust optimization, fixed paramter tractablity, RNC}
}

Keywords: assignment problem, matchings, exact matching, robust optimization, fixed paramter tractablity, RNC
Collection: 16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 22.11.2021


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