License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.28
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-64436
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2016/6443/
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Datta, Samir ; Kulkarni, Raghav ; Mukherjee, Anish

Space-Efficient Approximation Scheme for Maximum Matching in Sparse Graphs

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LIPIcs-MFCS-2016-28.pdf (0.5 MB)


Abstract

We present a Logspace Approximation Scheme (LSAS), i.e. an approximation algorithm for maximum matching in planar graphs (not necessarily bipartite) that achieves an approximation ratio arbitrarily close to one, using only logarithmic space. This deviates from the well known Baker's approach for approximation in planar graphs by avoiding the use of distance computation - which is not known to be in Logspace. Our algorithm actually works for any "recursively sparse" graph class which contains a linear size matching and also for certain other classes like bounded genus graphs. The scheme is based on an LSAS in bounded degree graphs which are not known to be amenable to Baker's method. We solve the bounded degree case by parallel augmentation of short augmenting paths. Finding a large number of such disjoint paths can, in turn, be reduced to finding a large independent set in a bounded degree graph. The bounded degree assumption allows us to obtain a Logspace algorithm.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{datta_et_al:LIPIcs:2016:6443,
  author =	{Samir Datta and Raghav Kulkarni and Anish Mukherjee},
  title =	{{Space-Efficient Approximation Scheme for Maximum Matching in Sparse Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016)},
  pages =	{28:1--28:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-016-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{58},
  editor =	{Piotr Faliszewski and Anca Muscholl and Rolf Niedermeier},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2016/6443},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-64436},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2016.28},
  annote =	{Keywords: maximum matching, approximation scheme, logspace, planar graphs}
}

Keywords: maximum matching, approximation scheme, logspace, planar graphs
Collection: 41st International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2016)
Issue Date: 2016
Date of publication: 19.08.2016


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