Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Calude, Christian S.; Stay, Michael A. License
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-6319


Natural Halting Probabilities, Partial Randomness, and Zeta Functions



We introduce the {it natural halting probability} and the {it natural complexity} of a Turing machine and we relate them to program-size complexity and Chaitin's halting probability. A classification of Turing machines according to their natural (Omega) halting probabilities is proposed: divergent, convergent and tuatara. We prove the existence of universal convergent and tuatara machines. Various results on randomness and partial randomness are proved. For example, we show that the natural halting probability of a universal tuatara machine is c.e. and random. A new type of partial randomness, asymptotic randomness, is introduced. Finally we show that in contrast to classical (algorithmic) randomness---which cannot be characterised in terms of plain complexity---various types of partial randomness admit such characterisations.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Calude, Christian S. and Stay, Michael A.},
  title =	{{Natural Halting Probabilities, Partial Randomness, and Zeta Functions}},
  booktitle =	{Kolmogorov Complexity and Applications},
  pages =	{1--1},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2006},
  volume =	{6051},
  editor =	{Marcus Hutter and Wolfgang Merkle and Paul M.B. Vitanyi},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-6319},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.06051.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: Natural halting probability, natural complexity}

Keywords: Natural halting probability, natural complexity
Seminar: 06051 - Kolmogorov Complexity and Applications
Issue date: 2006
Date of publication: 31.07.2006

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