Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Broadbent, Anne; Gharibian, Sevag; Zhou, Hong-Sheng https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
when quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI:
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-120654
URL:

; ;

Towards Quantum One-Time Memories from Stateless Hardware

pdf-format:


Abstract

A central tenet of theoretical cryptography is the study of the minimal assumptions required to implement a given cryptographic primitive. One such primitive is the one-time memory (OTM), introduced by Goldwasser, Kalai, and Rothblum [CRYPTO 2008], which is a classical functionality modeled after a non-interactive 1-out-of-2 oblivious transfer, and which is complete for one-time classical and quantum programs. It is known that secure OTMs do not exist in the standard model in both the classical and quantum settings. Here, we propose a scheme for using quantum information, together with the assumption of stateless (i.e., reusable) hardware tokens, to build statistically secure OTMs. Via the semidefinite programming-based quantum games framework of Gutoski and Watrous [STOC 2007], we prove security for a malicious receiver, against a linear number of adaptive queries to the token, in the quantum universal composability framework, but leave open the question of security against a polynomial amount of queries. Compared to alternative schemes derived from the literature on quantum money, our scheme is technologically simple since it is of the "prepare-and-measure" type. We also show our scheme is "tight" according to two scenarios.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{broadbent_et_al:LIPIcs:2020:12065,
  author =	{Anne Broadbent and Sevag Gharibian and Hong-Sheng Zhou},
  title =	{{Towards Quantum One-Time Memories from Stateless Hardware}},
  booktitle =	{15th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2020)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:25},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-146-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{158},
  editor =	{Steven T. Flammia},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2020/12065},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-120654},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2020.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: quantum cryptography, one-time memories, semi-definite programming}
}

Keywords: quantum cryptography, one-time memories, semi-definite programming
Seminar: 15th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2020)
Issue date: 2020
Date of publication: 08.06.2020


DROPS-Home | Fulltext Search | Imprint | Privacy Published by LZI