Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Skalistis, Stefanos; Kritikakou, Angeliki https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY 3.0)
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-123673
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Dynamic Interference-Sensitive Run-time Adaptation of Time-Triggered Schedules

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Abstract

Over-approximated Worst-Case Execution Time (WCET) estimations for multi-cores lead to safe, but over-provisioned, systems and underutilized cores. To reduce WCET pessimism, interference-sensitive WCET (isWCET) estimations are used. Although they provide tighter WCET bounds, they are valid only for a specific schedule solution. Existing approaches have to maintain this isWCET schedule solution at run-time, via time-triggered execution, in order to be safe. Hence, any earlier execution of tasks, enabled by adapting the isWCET schedule solution, is not possible. In this paper, we present a dynamic approach that safely adapts isWCET schedules during execution, by relaxing or completely removing isWCET schedule dependencies, depending on the progress of each core. In this way, an earlier task execution is enabled, creating time slack that can be used by safety-critical and mixed-criticality systems to provide higher Quality-of-Services or execute other best-effort applications. The Response-Time Analysis (RTA) of the proposed approach is presented, showing that although the approach is dynamic, it is fully predictable with bounded WCET. To support our contribution, we evaluate the behavior and the scalability of the proposed approach for different application types and execution configurations on the 8-core Texas Instruments TMS320C6678 platform, obtaining significant performance improvements compared to static approaches.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{skalistis_et_al:LIPIcs:2020:12367,
  author =	{Stefanos Skalistis and Angeliki Kritikakou},
  title =	{{Dynamic Interference-Sensitive Run-time Adaptation of Time-Triggered Schedules}},
  booktitle =	{32nd Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2020)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-152-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{165},
  editor =	{Marcus V{\"o}lp},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2020/12367},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-123673},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2020.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: Worst-Case Execution Time, Interference-sensitive, Run-time Adaptation, Time-Triggered, Response Time Analysis, Multi-cores}
}

Keywords: Worst-Case Execution Time, Interference-sensitive, Run-time Adaptation, Time-Triggered, Response Time Analysis, Multi-cores
Seminar: 32nd Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2020)
Issue date: 2020
Date of publication: 30.06.2020


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