Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Childs, Andrew M.; Hung, Shih-Han; Li, Tongyang https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (CC BY 4.0)
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141242
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Quantum Query Complexity with Matrix-Vector Products

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Abstract

We study quantum algorithms that learn properties of a matrix using queries that return its action on an input vector. We show that for various problems, including computing the trace, determinant, or rank of a matrix or solving a linear system that it specifies, quantum computers do not provide an asymptotic speedup over classical computation. On the other hand, we show that for some problems, such as computing the parities of rows or columns or deciding if there are two identical rows or columns, quantum computers provide exponential speedup. We demonstrate this by showing equivalence between models that provide matrix-vector products, vector-matrix products, and vector-matrix-vector products, whereas the power of these models can vary significantly for classical computation.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{childs_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.55,
  author =	{Childs, Andrew M. and Hung, Shih-Han and Li, Tongyang},
  title =	{{Quantum Query Complexity with Matrix-Vector Products}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{55:1--55:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/14124},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141242},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.55},
  annote =	{Keywords: Quantum algorithms, quantum query complexity, matrix-vector products}
}

Keywords: Quantum algorithms, quantum query complexity, matrix-vector products
Seminar: 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)
Issue date: 2021
Date of publication: 02.07.2021


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