Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Amarilli, Antoine; Jachiet, Louis; Paperman, Charles https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (CC BY 4.0)
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Dynamic Membership for Regular Languages

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Abstract

We study the dynamic membership problem for regular languages: fix a language L, read a word w, build in time O(|w|) a data structure indicating if w is in L, and maintain this structure efficiently under letter substitutions on w. We consider this problem on the unit cost RAM model with logarithmic word length, where the problem always has a solution in O(log|w| / log log|w|) per operation.
We show that the problem is in O(log log|w|) for languages in an algebraically-defined, decidable class QSG, and that it is in O(1) for another such class QLZG. We show that languages not in QSG admit a reduction from the prefix problem for a cyclic group, so that they require Ω(log|w| /log log|w|) operations in the worst case; and that QSG languages not in QLZG admit a reduction from the prefix problem for the multiplicative monoid U₁ = {0, 1}, which we conjecture cannot be maintained in O(1). This yields a conditional trichotomy. We also investigate intermediate cases between O(1) and O(log log|w|).
Our results are shown via the dynamic word problem for monoids and semigroups, for which we also give a classification. We thus solve open problems of the paper of Skovbjerg Frandsen, Miltersen, and Skyum [Skovbjerg Frandsen et al., 1997] on the dynamic word problem, and additionally cover regular languages.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{amarilli_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.116,
  author =	{Amarilli, Antoine and Jachiet, Louis and Paperman, Charles},
  title =	{{Dynamic Membership for Regular Languages}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{116:1--116:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/14185},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141850},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.116},
  annote =	{Keywords: regular language, membership, RAM model, updates, dynamic}
}

Keywords: regular language, membership, RAM model, updates, dynamic
Seminar: 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)
Issue date: 2021
Date of publication: 02.07.2021


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