Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Brandts, Alex; Živný, Stanislav https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (CC BY 4.0)
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141902
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Beyond PCSP(1-in-3, NAE)

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Abstract

The promise constraint satisfaction problem (PCSP) is a recently introduced vast generalisation of the constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) that captures approximability of satisfiable instances. A PCSP instance comes with two forms of each constraint: a strict one and a weak one. Given the promise that a solution exists using the strict constraints, the task is to find a solution using the weak constraints. While there are by now several dichotomy results for fragments of PCSPs, they all consider (in some way) symmetric PCSPs.
1-in-3-SAT and Not-All-Equal-3-SAT are classic examples of Boolean symmetric (non-promise) CSPs. While both problems are NP-hard, Brakensiek and Guruswami showed [SODA'18] that given a satisfiable instance of 1-in-3-SAT one can find a solution to the corresponding instance of (weaker) Not-All-Equal-3-SAT. In other words, the PCSP template (𝟏-in-𝟑,NAE) is tractable.
We focus on non-symmetric PCSPs. In particular, we study PCSP templates obtained from the Boolean template (𝐭-in-𝐤, NAE) by either adding tuples to 𝐭-in-𝐤 or removing tuples from NAE. For the former, we classify all templates as either tractable or not solvable by the currently strongest known algorithm for PCSPs, the combined basic LP and affine IP relaxation of Brakensiek and Guruswami [SODA'20]. For the latter, we classify all templates as either tractable or NP-hard.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{brandts_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.121,
  author =	{Brandts, Alex and \v{Z}ivn\'{y}, Stanislav},
  title =	{{Beyond PCSP(1-in-3, NAE)}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{121:1--121:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/14190},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141902},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.121},
  annote =	{Keywords: promise constraint satisfaction, PCSP, polymorphisms, algebraic approach}
}

Keywords: promise constraint satisfaction, PCSP, polymorphisms, algebraic approach
Seminar: 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)
Issue date: 2021
Date of publication: 02.07.2021


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