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On Positivity and Minimality for Second-Order Holonomic Sequences

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Abstract

An infinite sequence ⟨u_n⟩_n of real numbers is holonomic (also known as P-recursive or P-finite) if it satisfies a linear recurrence relation with polynomial coefficients. Such a sequence is said to be positive if each u_n ≥ 0, and minimal if, given any other linearly independent sequence ⟨v_n⟩_n satisfying the same recurrence relation, the ratio u_n/v_n → 0 as n → ∞.
In this paper we give a Turing reduction of the problem of deciding positivity of second-order holonomic sequences to that of deciding minimality of such sequences. More specifically, we give a procedure for determining positivity of second-order holonomic sequences that terminates in all but an exceptional number of cases, and we show that in these exceptional cases positivity can be determined using an oracle for deciding minimality.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{kenison_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.67,
  author =	{Kenison, George and Klurman, Oleksiy and Lefaucheux, Engel and Luca, Florian and Moree, Pieter and Ouaknine, Jo\"{e}l and Whiteland, Markus A. and Worrell, James},
  title =	{{On Positivity and Minimality for Second-Order Holonomic Sequences}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)},
  pages =	{67:1--67:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-201-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{202},
  editor =	{Bonchi, Filippo and Puglisi, Simon J.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/14507},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-145071},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2021.67},
  annote =	{Keywords: Holonomic sequences, Minimal solutions, Positivity Problem}
}

Keywords: Holonomic sequences, Minimal solutions, Positivity Problem
Seminar: 46th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2021)
Issue date: 2021
Date of publication: 18.08.2021


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