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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-147342
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Matroid Intersection: A Pseudo-Deterministic Parallel Reduction from Search to Weighted-Decision

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Abstract

We study the matroid intersection problem from the parallel complexity perspective. Given two matroids over the same ground set, the problem asks to decide whether they have a common base and its search version asks to find a common base, if one exists. Another widely studied variant is the weighted decision version where with the two matroids, we are given small weights on the ground set elements and a target weight W, and the question is to decide whether there is a common base of weight at least W. From the perspective of parallel complexity, the relation between the search and the decision versions is not well understood. We make a significant progress on this question by giving a pseudo-deterministic parallel (NC) algorithm for the search version that uses an oracle access to the weighted decision.
The notion of pseudo-deterministic NC was recently introduced by Goldwasser and Grossman [Shafi Goldwasser and Ofer Grossman, 2017], which is a relaxation of NC. A pseudo-deterministic NC algorithm for a search problem is a randomized NC algorithm that, for a given input, outputs a fixed solution with high probability. In case the given matroids are linearly representable, our result implies a pseudo-deterministic NC algorithm (without the weighted decision oracle). This resolves an open question posed by Anari and Vazirani [Nima Anari and Vijay V. Vazirani, 2020].

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{ghosh_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2021.41,
  author =	{Ghosh, Sumanta and Gurjar, Rohit},
  title =	{{Matroid Intersection: A Pseudo-Deterministic Parallel Reduction from Search to Weighted-Decision}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2021)},
  pages =	{41:1--41:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-207-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{207},
  editor =	{Wootters, Mary and Sanit\`{a}, Laura},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/14734},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-147342},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2021.41},
  annote =	{Keywords: Linear Matroid, Matroid Intersection, Parallel Complexity, Pseudo-deterministic NC}
}

Keywords: Linear Matroid, Matroid Intersection, Parallel Complexity, Pseudo-deterministic NC
Seminar: Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2021)
Issue date: 2021
Date of publication: 15.09.2021


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