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Exact and Approximation Algorithms for Many-To-Many Point Matching in the Plane

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Abstract

Given two sets S and T of points in the plane, of total size n, a many-to-many matching between S and T is a set of pairs (p,q) such that p ∈ S, q ∈ T and for each r ∈ S ∪ T, r appears in at least one such pair. The cost of a pair (p,q) is the (Euclidean) distance between p and q. In the minimum-cost many-to-many matching problem, the goal is to compute a many-to-many matching such that the sum of the costs of the pairs is minimized. This problem is a restricted version of minimum-weight edge cover in a bipartite graph, and hence can be solved in O(n³) time. In a more restricted setting where all the points are on a line, the problem can be solved in O(nlog n) time [Justin Colannino et al., 2007]. However, no progress has been made in the general planar case in improving the cubic time bound. In this paper, we obtain an O(n²⋅ poly(log n)) time exact algorithm and an O(n^{3/2}⋅ poly(log n)) time (1+ε)-approximation in the planar case.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{bandyapadhyay_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.44,
  author =	{Bandyapadhyay, Sayan and Maheshwari, Anil and Smid, Michiel},
  title =	{{Exact and Approximation Algorithms for Many-To-Many Point Matching in the Plane}},
  booktitle =	{32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)},
  pages =	{44:1--44:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-214-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{212},
  editor =	{Ahn, Hee-Kap and Sadakane, Kunihiko},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/15477},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-154779},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2021.44},
  annote =	{Keywords: Many-to-many matching, bipartite, planar, geometric, approximation}
}

Keywords: Many-to-many matching, bipartite, planar, geometric, approximation
Seminar: 32nd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2021)
Issue date: 2021
Date of publication: 30.11.2021


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