Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Bonnet, Gilles; Dadush, Daniel; Grupel, Uri; Huiberts, Sophie; Livshyts, Galyna https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (CC BY 4.0)
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Asymptotic Bounds on the Combinatorial Diameter of Random Polytopes

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Abstract

The combinatorial diameter diam(P) of a polytope P is the maximum shortest path distance between any pair of vertices. In this paper, we provide upper and lower bounds on the combinatorial diameter of a random "spherical" polytope, which is tight to within one factor of dimension when the number of inequalities is large compared to the dimension. More precisely, for an n-dimensional polytope P defined by the intersection of m i.i.d. half-spaces whose normals are chosen uniformly from the sphere, we show that diam(P) is Ω(n m^{1/(n-1)}) and O(n² m^{1/(n-1)} + n⁵ 4ⁿ) with high probability when m ≥ 2^{Ω(n)}.
For the upper bound, we first prove that the number of vertices in any fixed two dimensional projection sharply concentrates around its expectation when m is large, where we rely on the Θ(n² m^{1/(n-1)}) bound on the expectation due to Borgwardt [Math. Oper. Res., 1999]. To obtain the diameter upper bound, we stitch these "shadows paths" together over a suitable net using worst-case diameter bounds to connect vertices to the nearest shadow. For the lower bound, we first reduce to lower bounding the diameter of the dual polytope P^∘, corresponding to a random convex hull, by showing the relation diam(P) ≥ (n-1)(diam(P^∘)-2). We then prove that the shortest path between any "nearly" antipodal pair vertices of P^∘ has length Ω(m^{1/(n-1)}).

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{bonnet_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.18,
  author =	{Bonnet, Gilles and Dadush, Daniel and Grupel, Uri and Huiberts, Sophie and Livshyts, Galyna},
  title =	{{Asymptotic Bounds on the Combinatorial Diameter of Random Polytopes}},
  booktitle =	{38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)},
  pages =	{18:1--18:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-227-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{224},
  editor =	{Goaoc, Xavier and Kerber, Michael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/16026},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-160269},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2022.18},
  annote =	{Keywords: Random Polytopes, Combinatorial Diameter, Hirsch Conjecture}
}

Keywords: Random Polytopes, Combinatorial Diameter, Hirsch Conjecture
Seminar: 38th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2022)
Issue date: 2022
Date of publication: 01.06.2022


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