Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Chen, Kuan-Hsun; Günzel, Mario; Jablkowski, Boguslaw; Buschhoff, Markus; Chen, Jian-Jia https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (CC BY 4.0)
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-163239
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Unikernel-Based Real-Time Virtualization Under Deferrable Servers: Analysis and Realization

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Abstract

For cyber-physical systems, real-time virtualization optimizes the hardware utilization by consolidating multiple systems into the same platform, while satisfying the timing constraints of their real-time tasks. This paper considers virtualization based on unikernels, i.e., single address space kernels usually constructed by using library operating systems. Each unikernel is a guest operating system in the virtualization and hosts a single real-time task.
We consider deferrable servers in the virtualization platform to schedule the unikernel-based guest operating systems and analyze the worst-case response time of a sporadic real-time task under such a virtualization architecture. Throughout synthesized tasksets, we empirically show that our analysis outperforms the restated analysis derived from the state-of-the-art, which is based on Real-Time Calculus. Furthermore, we provide insights on implementation-specific issues and offer evidence that the proposed scheduling architecture can be effectively implemented on top of the Xen hypervisor while incurring acceptable overhead.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{chen_et_al:LIPIcs.ECRTS.2022.6,
  author =	{Chen, Kuan-Hsun and G\"{u}nzel, Mario and Jablkowski, Boguslaw and Buschhoff, Markus and Chen, Jian-Jia},
  title =	{{Unikernel-Based Real-Time Virtualization Under Deferrable Servers: Analysis and Realization}},
  booktitle =	{34th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2022)},
  pages =	{6:1--6:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-239-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{231},
  editor =	{Maggio, Martina},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/16323},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-163239},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2022.6},
  annote =	{Keywords: Unikernel, Virtualization, Reservation Servers, Deferrable Servers, Cyber-Physical Systems, Real-Time Systems}
}

Keywords: Unikernel, Virtualization, Reservation Servers, Deferrable Servers, Cyber-Physical Systems, Real-Time Systems
Seminar: 34th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2022)
Issue date: 2022
Date of publication: 28.06.2022
Supplementary Material: Software (ECRTS 2022 Artifact Evaluation approved artifact): https://doi.org/10.4230/DARTS.8.1.2


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