Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Maida, Marco; Bozhko, Sergey; Brandenburg, Björn B. https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (CC BY 4.0)
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-163363
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Foundational Response-Time Analysis as Explainable Evidence of Timeliness

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Abstract

The paper introduces foundational response-time analysis (RTA) as a means to produce strong and independently checkable evidence of temporal correctness. In a foundational RTA, each response-time bound calculated comes with an auto-generated certificate of correctness - a short and human-inspectable sequence of machine-checked proofs that formally show the claimed bound to hold. In other words, a foundational RTA yields explainable results that can be independently verified (e.g., by a certification authority) in a rigorous manner (with an automated proof checker). Consequently, the analysis tool itself does not need to be verified nor trusted. As a proof of concept, the paper presents POET, the first foundational RTA tool. POET generates certificates based on Prosa, the to-date largest verified framework for schedulability analysis, which is based on Coq. The trusted computing base is hence reduced to the Coq proof checker and its dependencies. POET currently supports two scheduling policies (earliest-deadline-first, fixed-priority), two preemption models (fully preemptive, fully non-preemptive), arbitrary deadlines, periodic and sporadic tasks, and tasks characterized by arbitrary arrival curves. The paper describes the challenges inherent in the development of a foundational RTA tool, discusses key design choices, and reports on its scalability.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{maida_et_al:LIPIcs.ECRTS.2022.19,
  author =	{Maida, Marco and Bozhko, Sergey and Brandenburg, Bj\"{o}rn B.},
  title =	{{Foundational Response-Time Analysis as Explainable Evidence of Timeliness}},
  booktitle =	{34th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2022)},
  pages =	{19:1--19:25},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-239-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{231},
  editor =	{Maggio, Martina},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/16336},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-163363},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECRTS.2022.19},
  annote =	{Keywords: hard real-time systems, response-time analysis, uniprocessor, Coq, Prosa, fixed priority, EDF, preemptive, non-preemptive, verification}
}

Keywords: hard real-time systems, response-time analysis, uniprocessor, Coq, Prosa, fixed priority, EDF, preemptive, non-preemptive, verification
Seminar: 34th Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems (ECRTS 2022)
Issue date: 2022
Date of publication: 28.06.2022
Supplementary Material: Software (ECRTS 2022 Artifact Evaluation approved artifact): https://doi.org/10.4230/DARTS.8.1.7


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