Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Arunachalam, Srinivasan; Bravyi, Sergey; Nirkhe, Chinmay; O'Gorman, Bryan https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (CC BY 4.0)
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-165104
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The Parametrized Complexity of Quantum Verification

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Abstract

We initiate the study of parameterized complexity of QMA problems in terms of the number of non-Clifford gates in the problem description. We show that for the problem of parameterized quantum circuit satisfiability, there exists a classical algorithm solving the problem with a runtime scaling exponentially in the number of non-Clifford gates but only polynomially with the system size. This result follows from our main result, that for any Clifford + t T-gate quantum circuit satisfiability problem, the search space of optimal witnesses can be reduced to a stabilizer subspace isomorphic to at most t qubits (independent of the system size). Furthermore, we derive new lower bounds on the T-count of circuit satisfiability instances and the T-count of the W-state assuming the classical exponential time hypothesis (ETH). Lastly, we explore the parameterized complexity of the quantum non-identity check problem.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{arunachalam_et_al:LIPIcs.TQC.2022.3,
  author =	{Arunachalam, Srinivasan and Bravyi, Sergey and Nirkhe, Chinmay and O'Gorman, Bryan},
  title =	{{The Parametrized Complexity of Quantum Verification}},
  booktitle =	{17th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2022)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-237-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{232},
  editor =	{Le Gall, Fran\c{c}ois and Morimae, Tomoyuki},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/16510},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-165104},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.TQC.2022.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: parametrized complexity, quantum verification, QMA}
}

Keywords: parametrized complexity, quantum verification, QMA
Seminar: 17th Conference on the Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication and Cryptography (TQC 2022)
Issue date: 2022
Date of publication: 04.07.2022


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