Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Fratani, Séverine; Maurras, Guillaume; Reynier, Pierre-Alain https://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (CC BY 4.0)
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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-168485
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A Robust Class of Languages of 2-Nested Words

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Abstract

Regular nested word languages (a.k.a. visibly pushdown languages) strictly extend regular word languages, while preserving their main closure and decidability properties. Previous works have shown that considering languages of 2-nested words, i.e. words enriched with two matchings (a.k.a. 2-visibly pushdown languages), is not as successful: the corresponding model of automata is not closed under determinization. In this work, inspired by homomorphic representations of indexed languages, we identify a subclass of 2-nested words, which we call 2-wave words. This class strictly extends the class of nested words, while preserving its main properties. More precisely, we prove closure under determinization of the corresponding automaton model, we provide a logical characterization of the recognized languages, and show that the corresponding graphs have bounded treewidth. As a consequence, we derive important closure and decidability properties. Last, we show that the word projections of the languages we define belong to the class of linear indexed languages.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{fratani_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.50,
  author =	{Fratani, S\'{e}verine and Maurras, Guillaume and Reynier, Pierre-Alain},
  title =	{{A Robust Class of Languages of 2-Nested Words}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)},
  pages =	{50:1--50:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-256-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{241},
  editor =	{Szeider, Stefan and Ganian, Robert and Silva, Alexandra},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/16848},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-168485},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.50},
  annote =	{Keywords: Nested word, Determinization, Indexed languages}
}

Keywords: Nested word, Determinization, Indexed languages
Seminar: 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)
Issue date: 2022
Date of publication: 22.08.2022


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