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**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 250, 42nd IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2022)

Submodular functions are fundamental to combinatorial optimization. Many interesting problems can be formulated as special cases of problems involving submodular functions. In this work, we consider the problem of approximating symmetric submodular functions everywhere using hypergraph cut functions. Devanur, Dughmi, Schwartz, Sharma, and Singh [Devanur et al., 2013] showed that symmetric submodular functions over n-element ground sets cannot be approximated within (n/8)-factor using a graph cut function and raised the question of approximating them using hypergraph cut functions. Our main result is that there exist symmetric submodular functions over n-element ground sets that cannot be approximated within a o(n^{1/3}/log² n)-factor using a hypergraph cut function. On the positive side, we show that symmetrized concave linear functions and symmetrized rank functions of uniform matroids and partition matroids can be constant-approximated using hypergraph cut functions.

Calvin Beideman, Karthekeyan Chandrasekaran, Chandra Chekuri, and Chao Xu. Approximate Representation of Symmetric Submodular Functions via Hypergraph Cut Functions. In 42nd IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 250, pp. 6:1-6:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)

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@InProceedings{beideman_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2022.6, author = {Beideman, Calvin and Chandrasekaran, Karthekeyan and Chekuri, Chandra and Xu, Chao}, title = {{Approximate Representation of Symmetric Submodular Functions via Hypergraph Cut Functions}}, booktitle = {42nd IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2022)}, pages = {6:1--6:18}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-261-7}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2022}, volume = {250}, editor = {Dawar, Anuj and Guruswami, Venkatesan}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2022.6}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-173986}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2022.6}, annote = {Keywords: Submodular Functions, Hypergraphs, Approximation, Representation} }

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Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 229, 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)

We consider the problem of enumerating optimal solutions for two hypergraph k-partitioning problems - namely, Hypergraph-k-Cut and Minmax-Hypergraph-k-Partition. The input in hypergraph k-partitioning problems is a hypergraph G = (V, E) with positive hyperedge costs along with a fixed positive integer k. The goal is to find a partition of V into k non-empty parts (V₁, V₂, …, V_k) - known as a k-partition - so as to minimize an objective of interest.
1) If the objective of interest is the maximum cut value of the parts, then the problem is known as Minmax-Hypergraph-k-Partition. A subset of hyperedges is a minmax-k-cut-set if it is the subset of hyperedges crossing an optimum k-partition for Minmax-Hypergraph-k-Partition.
2) If the objective of interest is the total cost of hyperedges crossing the k-partition, then the problem is known as Hypergraph-k-Cut. A subset of hyperedges is a min-k-cut-set if it is the subset of hyperedges crossing an optimum k-partition for Hypergraph-k-Cut.
We give the first polynomial bound on the number of minmax-k-cut-sets and a polynomial-time algorithm to enumerate all of them in hypergraphs for every fixed k. Our technique is strong enough to also enable an n^{O(k)}p-time deterministic algorithm to enumerate all min-k-cut-sets in hypergraphs, thus improving on the previously known n^{O(k²)}p-time deterministic algorithm, where n is the number of vertices and p is the size of the hypergraph. The correctness analysis of our enumeration approach relies on a structural result that is a strong and unifying generalization of known structural results for Hypergraph-k-Cut and Minmax-Hypergraph-k-Partition. We believe that our structural result is likely to be of independent interest in the theory of hypergraphs (and graphs).

Calvin Beideman, Karthekeyan Chandrasekaran, and Weihang Wang. Counting and Enumerating Optimum Cut Sets for Hypergraph k-Partitioning Problems for Fixed k. In 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 229, pp. 16:1-16:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)

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@InProceedings{beideman_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.16, author = {Beideman, Calvin and Chandrasekaran, Karthekeyan and Wang, Weihang}, title = {{Counting and Enumerating Optimum Cut Sets for Hypergraph k-Partitioning Problems for Fixed k}}, booktitle = {49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)}, pages = {16:1--16:18}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-235-8}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2022}, volume = {229}, editor = {Boja\'{n}czyk, Miko{\l}aj and Merelli, Emanuela and Woodruff, David P.}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.16}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-163578}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.16}, annote = {Keywords: hypergraphs, k-partitioning, counting, enumeration} }

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RANDOM

**Published in:** LIPIcs, Volume 176, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2020)

We address counting and optimization variants of multicriteria global min-cut and size-constrained min-k-cut in hypergraphs.
1) For an r-rank n-vertex hypergraph endowed with t hyperedge-cost functions, we show that the number of multiobjective min-cuts is O(r2^{tr}n^{3t-1}). In particular, this shows that the number of parametric min-cuts in constant rank hypergraphs for a constant number of criteria is strongly polynomial, thus resolving an open question by Aissi, Mahjoub, McCormick, and Queyranne [Aissi et al., 2015]. In addition, we give randomized algorithms to enumerate all multiobjective min-cuts and all pareto-optimal cuts in strongly polynomial-time.
2) We also address node-budgeted multiobjective min-cuts: For an n-vertex hypergraph endowed with t vertex-weight functions, we show that the number of node-budgeted multiobjective min-cuts is O(r2^{r}n^{t+2}), where r is the rank of the hypergraph, and the number of node-budgeted b-multiobjective min-cuts for a fixed budget-vector b ∈ ℝ^t_+ is O(n²).
3) We show that min-k-cut in hypergraphs subject to constant lower bounds on part sizes is solvable in polynomial-time for constant k, thus resolving an open problem posed by Queyranne [Guinez and Queyranne, 2012]. Our technique also shows that the number of optimal solutions is polynomial. All of our results build on the random contraction approach of Karger [Karger, 1993]. Our techniques illustrate the versatility of the random contraction approach to address counting and algorithmic problems concerning multiobjective min-cuts and size-constrained k-cuts in hypergraphs.

Calvin Beideman, Karthekeyan Chandrasekaran, and Chao Xu. Multicriteria Cuts and Size-Constrained k-Cuts in Hypergraphs. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 176, pp. 17:1-17:21, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)

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@InProceedings{beideman_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2020.17, author = {Beideman, Calvin and Chandrasekaran, Karthekeyan and Xu, Chao}, title = {{Multicriteria Cuts and Size-Constrained k-Cuts in Hypergraphs}}, booktitle = {Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2020)}, pages = {17:1--17:21}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, ISBN = {978-3-95977-164-1}, ISSN = {1868-8969}, year = {2020}, volume = {176}, editor = {Byrka, Jaros{\l}aw and Meka, Raghu}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik}, address = {Dagstuhl, Germany}, URL = {https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2020.17}, URN = {urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-126203}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2020.17}, annote = {Keywords: Multiobjective Optimization, Hypergraph min-cut, Hypergraph-k-cut} }

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