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Documents authored by Grimm, Boris


Document
Assignment Based Resource Constrained Path Generation for Railway Rolling Stock Optimization

Authors: Boris Grimm, Ralf Borndörfer, and Julian Bushe

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 115, 23rd Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2023)


Abstract
The fundamental task of every passenger railway operator is to offer an attractive railway timetable to the passengers while operating it as cost efficiently as possible. The available rolling stock has to be assigned to trips so that all trips are operated, operational requirements are satisfied, and the operating costs are minimum. This so-called Rolling Stock Rotation Problem (RSRP) is well studied in the literature. In this paper we consider an acyclic version of the RSRP that includes vehicle maintenance. As the latter is an important aspect, maintenance services have to be planned simultaneously to ensure the rotation’s feasibility in practice. Indeed, regular maintenance is important for the safety and reliability of the rolling stock as well as enforced by law in many countries. We present a new integer programming formulation that links a hyperflow to model vehicle compositions and their coupling decisions to a set of path variables that take care of the resource consumption of the individual vehicles. To solve the model we developed different column generation algorithms which are compared to each other as well as to the MILP flow formulation of [Ralf Borndörfer et al., 2016] on a test set of real world instances.

Cite as

Boris Grimm, Ralf Borndörfer, and Julian Bushe. Assignment Based Resource Constrained Path Generation for Railway Rolling Stock Optimization. In 23rd Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2023). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 115, pp. 13:1-13:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{grimm_et_al:OASIcs.ATMOS.2023.13,
  author =	{Grimm, Boris and Bornd\"{o}rfer, Ralf and Bushe, Julian},
  title =	{{Assignment Based Resource Constrained Path Generation for Railway Rolling Stock Optimization}},
  booktitle =	{23rd Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2023)},
  pages =	{13:1--13:15},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-302-7},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{115},
  editor =	{Frigioni, Daniele and Schiewe, Philine},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2023.13},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-187741},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2023.13},
  annote =	{Keywords: Railway Rolling Stock Optimization, Integer Programming, Column Generation}
}
Document
A Cut Separation Approach for the Rolling Stock Rotation Problem with Vehicle Maintenance

Authors: Boris Grimm, Ralf Borndörfer, Markus Reuther, and Thomas Schlechte

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 75, 19th Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2019)


Abstract
For providing railway services the company’s railway rolling stock is one if not the most important ingredient. It decides about the number of passenger or cargo trips the company can offer, about the quality a passenger experiences the train ride and it is often related to the image of the company itself. Thus, it is highly desired to have the available rolling stock in the best shape possible. Moreover, in many countries, as Germany where our industrial partner DB Fernverkehr AG (DBF) is located, laws enforce regular vehicle inspections to ensure the safety of the passengers. This leads to rolling stock optimization problems with complex rules for vehicle maintenance. This problem is well studied in the literature for example see [Maróti and Kroon, 2005; Gábor Maróti and Leo G. Kroon, 2007], or [Cordeau et al., 2001] for applications including vehicle maintenance. The contribution of this paper is a new algorithmic approach to solve the Rolling Stock Rotation Problem for the ICE high speed train fleet of DBF with included vehicle maintenance. It is based on a relaxation of a mixed integer linear programming model with an iterative cut generation to enforce the feasibility of a solution of the relaxation in the solution space of the original problem. The resulting mixed integer linear programming model is based on a hypergraph approach presented in [Ralf Borndörfer et al., 2015]. The new approach is tested on real world instances modeling different scenarios for the ICE high speed train network in Germany and compared to the approaches of [Reuther, 2017] that are in operation at DB Fernverkehr AG. The approach shows a significant reduction of the run time to produce solutions with comparable or even better objective function values.

Cite as

Boris Grimm, Ralf Borndörfer, Markus Reuther, and Thomas Schlechte. A Cut Separation Approach for the Rolling Stock Rotation Problem with Vehicle Maintenance. In 19th Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2019). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 75, pp. 1:1-1:12, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{grimm_et_al:OASIcs.ATMOS.2019.1,
  author =	{Grimm, Boris and Bornd\"{o}rfer, Ralf and Reuther, Markus and Schlechte, Thomas},
  title =	{{A Cut Separation Approach for the Rolling Stock Rotation Problem with Vehicle Maintenance}},
  booktitle =	{19th Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2019)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:12},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-128-3},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{75},
  editor =	{Cacchiani, Valentina and Marchetti-Spaccamela, Alberto},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2019.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-114136},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2019.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Railway Operations Research, Integer Programming, Infeasible Path Cuts, Cut Separation, Rolling Stock Rotation Problem}
}
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