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Documents authored by Lahav, Ori


Document
Foundations of Persistent Programming (Dagstuhl Seminar 21462)

Authors: Hans-J. Boehm, Ori Lahav, and Azalea Raad

Published in: Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 11, Issue 10 (2022)


Abstract
Although early electronic computers commonly had persistent core memory that retained its contents with power off, modern computers generally do not. DRAM loses its contents when power is lost. However, DRAM has been difficult to scale to smaller feature sizes and larger capacities, making it costly to build balanced systems with sufficient amounts of directly accessible memory. Commonly proposed replacements, including Intel’s Optane product, are once again persistent. It is however unclear, and probably unlikely, that the fastest levels of the memory hierarchy will be able to adopt such technology. No such non-volatile (NVM) technology has yet taken over, but there remains a strong economic incentive to move hardware in this direction, and it would be disappointing if we continued to be constrained by the current DRAM scaling. Since current computer systems often invest great effort, in the form of software complexity, power, and computation time, to "persist" data from DRAM by rearranging and copying it to persistent storage, like magnetic disks or flash memory, it is natural and important to ask whether we can leverage persistence of part of primary memory to avoid this overhead. Such efforts are complicated by the fact that real systems are likely to remain only partially persistent; some memory components, like processor caches and device registers. may remain volatile. This seminar focused on various aspects of programming for such persistent memory systems, ranging from programming models for reasoning about and formally verifying programs that leverage persistence, to techniques for converting existing multithreaded programs (particularly, lock-free ones) to corresponding programs that also directly persist their state in NVM. We explored relationships between this problem and prior work on concurrent programming models.

Cite as

Hans-J. Boehm, Ori Lahav, and Azalea Raad. Foundations of Persistent Programming (Dagstuhl Seminar 21462). In Dagstuhl Reports, Volume 11, Issue 10, pp. 94-110, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@Article{boehm_et_al:DagRep.11.10.94,
  author =	{Boehm, Hans-J. and Lahav, Ori and Raad, Azalea},
  title =	{{Foundations of Persistent Programming (Dagstuhl Seminar 21462)}},
  pages =	{94--110},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Reports},
  ISSN =	{2192-5283},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{11},
  number =	{10},
  editor =	{Boehm, Hans-J. and Lahav, Ori and Raad, Azalea},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagRep.11.10.94},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-159303},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagRep.11.10.94},
  annote =	{Keywords: concurrency; non-volatile-memory; persistency; semantics; weak memory models}
}
Document
Artifact
Reconciling Event Structures with Modern Multiprocessors (Artifact)

Authors: Evgenii Moiseenko, Anton Podkopaev, Ori Lahav, Orestis Melkonian, and Viktor Vafeiadis

Published in: DARTS, Volume 6, Issue 2, Special Issue of the 34th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2020)


Abstract
The artifact is a virtual machine image containing two Coq packages which include mechanization of proofs stated in the paper. The first package imm contains a modified version of the Intermediate Memory Model, extended with the support of sequentially consistent atomics, and the compilation correctness proofs from it to hardware models. The second package weakestmoToImm contains a definition of the Weakestmo memory model as well as a compilation correctness proof from it to IMM.

Cite as

Evgenii Moiseenko, Anton Podkopaev, Ori Lahav, Orestis Melkonian, and Viktor Vafeiadis. Reconciling Event Structures with Modern Multiprocessors (Artifact). In Special Issue of the 34th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2020). Dagstuhl Artifacts Series (DARTS), Volume 6, Issue 2, pp. 4:1-4:3, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@Article{moiseenko_et_al:DARTS.6.2.4,
  author =	{Moiseenko, Evgenii and Podkopaev, Anton and Lahav, Ori and Melkonian, Orestis and Vafeiadis, Viktor},
  title =	{{Reconciling Event Structures with Modern Multiprocessors (Artifact)}},
  pages =	{4:1--4:3},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Artifacts Series},
  ISSN =	{2509-8195},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{6},
  number =	{2},
  editor =	{Moiseenko, Evgenii and Podkopaev, Anton and Lahav, Ori and Melkonian, Orestis and Vafeiadis, Viktor},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DARTS.6.2.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-132015},
  doi =		{10.4230/DARTS.6.2.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: Weak Memory Consistency, Event Structures, IMM, Weakestmo}
}
Document
Reconciling Event Structures with Modern Multiprocessors

Authors: Evgenii Moiseenko, Anton Podkopaev, Ori Lahav, Orestis Melkonian, and Viktor Vafeiadis

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 166, 34th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2020)


Abstract
Weakestmo is a recently proposed memory consistency model that uses event structures to resolve the infamous "out-of-thin-air" problem and to enable efficient compilation to hardware. Nevertheless, this latter property - compilation correctness - has not yet been formally established. This paper closes this gap by establishing correctness of the intended compilation schemes from Weakestmo to a wide range of formal hardware memory models (x86, POWER, ARMv7, ARMv8) in the Coq proof assistant. Our proof is the first that establishes correctness of compilation of an event-structure-based model that forbids "out-of-thin-air" behaviors, as well as the first mechanized compilation proof of a weak memory model supporting sequentially consistent accesses to such a range of hardware platforms. Our compilation proof goes via the recent Intermediate Memory Model (IMM), which we suitably extend with sequentially consistent accesses.

Cite as

Evgenii Moiseenko, Anton Podkopaev, Ori Lahav, Orestis Melkonian, and Viktor Vafeiadis. Reconciling Event Structures with Modern Multiprocessors. In 34th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 166, pp. 5:1-5:26, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{moiseenko_et_al:LIPIcs.ECOOP.2020.5,
  author =	{Moiseenko, Evgenii and Podkopaev, Anton and Lahav, Ori and Melkonian, Orestis and Vafeiadis, Viktor},
  title =	{{Reconciling Event Structures with Modern Multiprocessors}},
  booktitle =	{34th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2020)},
  pages =	{5:1--5:26},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-154-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{166},
  editor =	{Hirschfeld, Robert and Pape, Tobias},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2020.5},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-131622},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2020.5},
  annote =	{Keywords: Weak Memory Consistency, Event Structures, IMM, Weakestmo}
}
Document
Strong Logic for Weak Memory: Reasoning About Release-Acquire Consistency in Iris (Artifact)

Authors: Jan-Oliver Kaiser, Hoang-Hai Dang, Derek Dreyer, Ori Lahav, and Viktor Vafeiadis

Published in: DARTS, Volume 3, Issue 2, Special Issue of the 31st European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2017)


Abstract
This artifact provides the soundness proofs for the encodings in Iris the RSL and GPS logics, as well as the verification for all standard examples known to be verifiable in those logics. All of these proofs are formalized in Coq, which is the main content of this artifact. The formalization is provided in a virtual machine for the convenience of testing, but can also be built from source.

Cite as

Jan-Oliver Kaiser, Hoang-Hai Dang, Derek Dreyer, Ori Lahav, and Viktor Vafeiadis. Strong Logic for Weak Memory: Reasoning About Release-Acquire Consistency in Iris (Artifact). In Special Issue of the 31st European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2017). Dagstuhl Artifacts Series (DARTS), Volume 3, Issue 2, pp. 15:1-15:2, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@Article{kaiser_et_al:DARTS.3.2.15,
  author =	{Kaiser, Jan-Oliver and Dang, Hoang-Hai and Dreyer, Derek and Lahav, Ori and Vafeiadis, Viktor},
  title =	{{Strong Logic for Weak Memory: Reasoning About Release-Acquire Consistency in Iris (Artifact)}},
  pages =	{15:1--15:2},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Artifacts Series},
  ISSN =	{2509-8195},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{3},
  number =	{2},
  editor =	{Kaiser, Jan-Oliver and Dang, Hoang-Hai and Dreyer, Derek and Lahav, Ori and Vafeiadis, Viktor},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DARTS.3.2.15},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-72966},
  doi =		{10.4230/DARTS.3.2.15},
  annote =	{Keywords: weak memory models, release-acquire, concurrency, separation logic}
}
Document
Strong Logic for Weak Memory: Reasoning About Release-Acquire Consistency in Iris

Authors: Jan-Oliver Kaiser, Hoang-Hai Dang, Derek Dreyer, Ori Lahav, and Viktor Vafeiadis

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 74, 31st European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2017)


Abstract
The field of concurrent separation logics (CSLs) has recently undergone two exciting developments: (1) the Iris framework for encoding and unifying advanced higher-order CSLs and formalizing them in Coq, and (2) the adaptation of CSLs to account for weak memory models, notably C11's release-acquire (RA) consistency. Unfortunately, these developments are seemingly incompatible, since Iris only applies to languages with an operational interleaving semantics, while C11 is defined by a declarative (axiomatic) semantics. In this paper, we show that, on the contrary, it is not only feasible but useful to marry these developments together. Our first step is to provide a novel operational characterization of RA+NA, the fragment of C11 containing RA accesses and "non-atomic" (normal data) accesses. Instantiating Iris with this semantics, we then derive higher-order variants of two prominent RA+NA logics, GPS and RSL. Finally, we deploy these derived logics in order to perform the first mechanical verifications (in Coq) of several interesting case studies of RA+NA programming. In a nutshell, we provide the first foundationally verified framework for proving programs correct under C11's weak-memory semantics.

Cite as

Jan-Oliver Kaiser, Hoang-Hai Dang, Derek Dreyer, Ori Lahav, and Viktor Vafeiadis. Strong Logic for Weak Memory: Reasoning About Release-Acquire Consistency in Iris. In 31st European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 74, pp. 17:1-17:29, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{kaiser_et_al:LIPIcs.ECOOP.2017.17,
  author =	{Kaiser, Jan-Oliver and Dang, Hoang-Hai and Dreyer, Derek and Lahav, Ori and Vafeiadis, Viktor},
  title =	{{Strong Logic for Weak Memory: Reasoning About Release-Acquire Consistency in Iris}},
  booktitle =	{31st European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2017)},
  pages =	{17:1--17:29},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-035-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{74},
  editor =	{M\"{u}ller, Peter},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2017.17},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-72753},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2017.17},
  annote =	{Keywords: Weak memory models, release-acquire, concurrency, separation logic}
}
Document
Promising Compilation to ARMv8 POP

Authors: Anton Podkopaev, Ori Lahav, and Viktor Vafeiadis

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 74, 31st European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2017)


Abstract
We prove the correctness of compilation of relaxed memory accesses and release-acquire fences from the "promising" semantics of [Kang et al. POPL'17] to the ARMv8 POP machine of [Flur et al. POPL'16]. The proof is highly non-trivial because both the ARMv8 POP and the promising semantics provide some extremely weak consistency guarantees for normal memory accesses; however, they do so in rather different ways. Our proof of compilation correctness to ARMv8 POP strengthens the results of the Kang et al., who only proved the correctness of compilation to x86-TSO and Power, which are much simpler in comparison to ARMv8 POP.

Cite as

Anton Podkopaev, Ori Lahav, and Viktor Vafeiadis. Promising Compilation to ARMv8 POP. In 31st European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 74, pp. 22:1-22:28, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{podkopaev_et_al:LIPIcs.ECOOP.2017.22,
  author =	{Podkopaev, Anton and Lahav, Ori and Vafeiadis, Viktor},
  title =	{{Promising Compilation to ARMv8 POP}},
  booktitle =	{31st European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2017)},
  pages =	{22:1--22:28},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-035-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{74},
  editor =	{M\"{u}ller, Peter},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2017.22},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-72667},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2017.22},
  annote =	{Keywords: ARM, Compilation Correctness, Weak Memory Model}
}
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