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Documents authored by Liu, Paul


Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Faster Submodular Maximization for Several Classes of Matroids

Authors: Monika Henzinger, Paul Liu, Jan Vondrák, and Da Wei Zheng

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 261, 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)


Abstract
The maximization of submodular functions have found widespread application in areas such as machine learning, combinatorial optimization, and economics, where practitioners often wish to enforce various constraints; the matroid constraint has been investigated extensively due to its algorithmic properties and expressive power. Though tight approximation algorithms for general matroid constraints exist in theory, the running times of such algorithms typically scale quadratically, and are not practical for truly large scale settings. Recent progress has focused on fast algorithms for important classes of matroids given in explicit form. Currently, nearly-linear time algorithms only exist for graphic and partition matroids [Alina Ene and Huy L. Nguyen, 2019]. In this work, we develop algorithms for monotone submodular maximization constrained by graphic, transversal matroids, or laminar matroids in time near-linear in the size of their representation. Our algorithms achieve an optimal approximation of 1-1/e-ε and both generalize and accelerate the results of Ene and Nguyen [Alina Ene and Huy L. Nguyen, 2019]. In fact, the running time of our algorithm cannot be improved within the fast continuous greedy framework of Badanidiyuru and Vondrák [Ashwinkumar Badanidiyuru and Jan Vondrák, 2014]. To achieve near-linear running time, we make use of dynamic data structures that maintain bases with approximate maximum cardinality and weight under certain element updates. These data structures need to support a weight decrease operation and a novel Freeze operation that allows the algorithm to freeze elements (i.e. force to be contained) in its basis regardless of future data structure operations. For the laminar matroid, we present a new dynamic data structure using the top tree interface of Alstrup, Holm, de Lichtenberg, and Thorup [Stephen Alstrup et al., 2005] that maintains the maximum weight basis under insertions and deletions of elements in O(log n) time. This data structure needs to support certain subtree query and path update operations that are performed every insertion and deletion that are non-trivial to handle in conjunction. For the transversal matroid the Freeze operation corresponds to requiring the data structure to keep a certain set S of vertices matched, a property that we call S-stability. While there is a large body of work on dynamic matching algorithms, none are S-stable and maintain an approximate maximum weight matching under vertex updates. We give the first such algorithm for bipartite graphs with total running time linear (up to log factors) in the number of edges.

Cite as

Monika Henzinger, Paul Liu, Jan Vondrák, and Da Wei Zheng. Faster Submodular Maximization for Several Classes of Matroids. In 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 261, pp. 74:1-74:18, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{henzinger_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.74,
  author =	{Henzinger, Monika and Liu, Paul and Vondr\'{a}k, Jan and Zheng, Da Wei},
  title =	{{Faster Submodular Maximization for Several Classes of Matroids}},
  booktitle =	{50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)},
  pages =	{74:1--74:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-278-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{261},
  editor =	{Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.74},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181267},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.74},
  annote =	{Keywords: submodular optimization, dynamic data structures, matching algorithms}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Streaming Submodular Maximization Under Matroid Constraints

Authors: Moran Feldman, Paul Liu, Ashkan Norouzi-Fard, Ola Svensson, and Rico Zenklusen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 229, 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)


Abstract
Recent progress in (semi-)streaming algorithms for monotone submodular function maximization has led to tight results for a simple cardinality constraint. However, current techniques fail to give a similar understanding for natural generalizations, including matroid constraints. This paper aims at closing this gap. For a single matroid of rank k (i.e., any solution has cardinality at most k), our main results are: - A single-pass streaming algorithm that uses Õ(k) memory and achieves an approximation guarantee of 0.3178. - A multi-pass streaming algorithm that uses Õ(k) memory and achieves an approximation guarantee of (1-1/e - ε) by taking a constant (depending on ε) number of passes over the stream. This improves on the previously best approximation guarantees of 1/4 and 1/2 for single-pass and multi-pass streaming algorithms, respectively. In fact, our multi-pass streaming algorithm is tight in that any algorithm with a better guarantee than 1/2 must make several passes through the stream and any algorithm that beats our guarantee of 1-1/e must make linearly many passes (as well as an exponential number of value oracle queries). Moreover, we show how the approach we use for multi-pass streaming can be further strengthened if the elements of the stream arrive in uniformly random order, implying an improved result for p-matchoid constraints.

Cite as

Moran Feldman, Paul Liu, Ashkan Norouzi-Fard, Ola Svensson, and Rico Zenklusen. Streaming Submodular Maximization Under Matroid Constraints. In 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 229, pp. 59:1-59:20, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{feldman_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.59,
  author =	{Feldman, Moran and Liu, Paul and Norouzi-Fard, Ashkan and Svensson, Ola and Zenklusen, Rico},
  title =	{{Streaming Submodular Maximization Under Matroid Constraints}},
  booktitle =	{49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)},
  pages =	{59:1--59:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-235-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{229},
  editor =	{Boja\'{n}czyk, Miko{\l}aj and Merelli, Emanuela and Woodruff, David P.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.59},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-164007},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.59},
  annote =	{Keywords: Submodular maximization, streaming, matroid, random order}
}
Document
CG Challenge
Coordinated Motion Planning Through Randomized k-Opt (CG Challenge)

Authors: Paul Liu, Jack Spalding-Jamieson, Brandon Zhang, and Da Wei Zheng

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 189, 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)


Abstract
This paper examines the approach taken by team gitastrophe in the CG:SHOP 2021 challenge. The challenge was to find a sequence of simultaneous moves of square robots between two given configurations that minimized either total distance travelled or makespan (total time). Our winning approach has two main components: an initialization phase that finds a good initial solution, and a k-opt local search phase which optimizes this solution. This led to a first place finish in the distance category and a third place finish in the makespan category.

Cite as

Paul Liu, Jack Spalding-Jamieson, Brandon Zhang, and Da Wei Zheng. Coordinated Motion Planning Through Randomized k-Opt (CG Challenge). In 37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 189, pp. 64:1-64:8, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{liu_et_al:LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.64,
  author =	{Liu, Paul and Spalding-Jamieson, Jack and Zhang, Brandon and Zheng, Da Wei},
  title =	{{Coordinated Motion Planning Through Randomized k-Opt}},
  booktitle =	{37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)},
  pages =	{64:1--64:8},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-184-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{189},
  editor =	{Buchin, Kevin and Colin de Verdi\`{e}re, \'{E}ric},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.64},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-138635},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.64},
  annote =	{Keywords: motion planning, randomized local search, path finding}
}
Document
Submodular Optimization in the MapReduce Model

Authors: Paul Liu and Jan Vondrak

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 69, 2nd Symposium on Simplicity in Algorithms (SOSA 2019)


Abstract
Submodular optimization has received significant attention in both practice and theory, as a wide array of problems in machine learning, auction theory, and combinatorial optimization have submodular structure. In practice, these problems often involve large amounts of data, and must be solved in a distributed way. One popular framework for running such distributed algorithms is MapReduce. In this paper, we present two simple algorithms for cardinality constrained submodular optimization in the MapReduce model: the first is a (1/2-o(1))-approximation in 2 MapReduce rounds, and the second is a (1-1/e-epsilon)-approximation in (1+o(1))/epsilon MapReduce rounds.

Cite as

Paul Liu and Jan Vondrak. Submodular Optimization in the MapReduce Model. In 2nd Symposium on Simplicity in Algorithms (SOSA 2019). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 69, pp. 18:1-18:10, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{liu_et_al:OASIcs.SOSA.2019.18,
  author =	{Liu, Paul and Vondrak, Jan},
  title =	{{Submodular Optimization in the MapReduce Model}},
  booktitle =	{2nd Symposium on Simplicity in Algorithms (SOSA 2019)},
  pages =	{18:1--18:10},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-099-6},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{69},
  editor =	{Fineman, Jeremy T. and Mitzenmacher, Michael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.SOSA.2019.18},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-100447},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.SOSA.2019.18},
  annote =	{Keywords: mapreduce, submodular, optimization, approximation algorithms}
}
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