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Documents authored by Ravi, Divya


Document
MPC with Low Bottleneck-Complexity: Information-Theoretic Security and More

Authors: Hannah Keller, Claudio Orlandi, Anat Paskin-Cherniavsky, and Divya Ravi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 267, 4th Conference on Information-Theoretic Cryptography (ITC 2023)


Abstract
The bottleneck-complexity (BC) of secure multiparty computation (MPC) protocols is a measure of the maximum number of bits which are sent and received by any party in protocol. As the name suggests, the goal of studying BC-efficient protocols is to increase overall efficiency by making sure that the workload in the protocol is somehow "amortized" by the protocol participants. Orlandi et al. [Orlandi et al., 2022] initiated the study of BC-efficient protocols from simple assumptions in the correlated randomness model and for semi-honest adversaries. In this work, we extend the study of [Orlandi et al., 2022] in two primary directions: (a) to a larger and more general class of functions and (b) to the information-theoretic setting. In particular, we offer semi-honest secure protocols for the useful function classes of abelian programs, "read-k" non-abelian programs, and "read-k" generalized formulas. Our constructions use a novel abstraction, called incremental function secret-sharing (IFSS), that can be instantiated with unconditional security or from one-way functions (with different efficiency trade-offs).

Cite as

Hannah Keller, Claudio Orlandi, Anat Paskin-Cherniavsky, and Divya Ravi. MPC with Low Bottleneck-Complexity: Information-Theoretic Security and More. In 4th Conference on Information-Theoretic Cryptography (ITC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 267, pp. 11:1-11:22, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{keller_et_al:LIPIcs.ITC.2023.11,
  author =	{Keller, Hannah and Orlandi, Claudio and Paskin-Cherniavsky, Anat and Ravi, Divya},
  title =	{{MPC with Low Bottleneck-Complexity: Information-Theoretic Security and More}},
  booktitle =	{4th Conference on Information-Theoretic Cryptography (ITC 2023)},
  pages =	{11:1--11:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-271-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{267},
  editor =	{Chung, Kai-Min},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITC.2023.11},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-183391},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITC.2023.11},
  annote =	{Keywords: Secure Multiparty Computation, Bottleneck Complexity, Information-theoretic}
}
Document
Secure Communication in Dynamic Incomplete Networks

Authors: Ivan Damgård, Divya Ravi, Daniel Tschudi, and Sophia Yakoubov

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 267, 4th Conference on Information-Theoretic Cryptography (ITC 2023)


Abstract
In this paper, we explore the feasibility of reliable and private communication in dynamic networks, where in each round the adversary can choose which direct peer-to-peer links are available in the network graph, under the sole condition that the graph is k-connected at each round (for some k). We show that reliable communication is possible in such a dynamic network if and only if k > 2t. We also show that if k = cn > 2 t for a constant c, we can achieve reliable communication with polynomial round and communication complexity. For unconditionally private communication, we show that for a passive adversary, k > t is sufficient (and clearly necessary). For an active adversary, we show that k > 2t is sufficient for statistical security (and clearly necessary), while k > 3t is sufficient for perfect security. We conjecture that, in contrast to the static case, k > 2t is not enough for perfect security, and we give evidence that the conjecture is true. Once we have reliable and private communication between each pair of parties, we can emulate a complete network with secure channels, and we can use known protocols to do secure computation.

Cite as

Ivan Damgård, Divya Ravi, Daniel Tschudi, and Sophia Yakoubov. Secure Communication in Dynamic Incomplete Networks. In 4th Conference on Information-Theoretic Cryptography (ITC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 267, pp. 13:1-13:21, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{damgard_et_al:LIPIcs.ITC.2023.13,
  author =	{Damg\r{a}rd, Ivan and Ravi, Divya and Tschudi, Daniel and Yakoubov, Sophia},
  title =	{{Secure Communication in Dynamic Incomplete Networks}},
  booktitle =	{4th Conference on Information-Theoretic Cryptography (ITC 2023)},
  pages =	{13:1--13:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-271-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{267},
  editor =	{Chung, Kai-Min},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITC.2023.13},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-183419},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITC.2023.13},
  annote =	{Keywords: Secure Communication, Dynamic Incomplete Network, Information-theoretic}
}
Document
Brief Announcement
Brief Announcement: Crash-Tolerant Consensus in Directed Graph Revisited

Authors: Ashish Choudhury, Gayathri Garimella, Arpita Patra, Divya Ravi, and Pratik Sarkar

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 91, 31st International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2017)


Abstract
We revisit the problem of distributed consensus in directed graphs tolerating crash failures; we improve the round and communication complexity of the existing protocols. Moreover, we prove that our protocol requires the optimal number of communication rounds, required by any protocol belonging to a specific class of crash-tolerant consensus protocols in directed graphs.

Cite as

Ashish Choudhury, Gayathri Garimella, Arpita Patra, Divya Ravi, and Pratik Sarkar. Brief Announcement: Crash-Tolerant Consensus in Directed Graph Revisited. In 31st International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 91, pp. 46:1-46:4, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{choudhury_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2017.46,
  author =	{Choudhury, Ashish and Garimella, Gayathri and Patra, Arpita and Ravi, Divya and Sarkar, Pratik},
  title =	{{Brief Announcement: Crash-Tolerant Consensus in Directed Graph Revisited}},
  booktitle =	{31st International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2017)},
  pages =	{46:1--46:4},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-053-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{91},
  editor =	{Richa, Andr\'{e}a},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2017.46},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-79784},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2017.46},
  annote =	{Keywords: Directed graph, Consensus, Crash failure, Round complexity}
}
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