4 Search Results for "Bredereck, Robert"


Document
Deepening the (Parameterized) Complexity Analysis of Incremental Stable Matching Problems

Authors: Niclas Boehmer, Klaus Heeger, and Rolf Niedermeier

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 241, 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)


Abstract
When computing stable matchings, it is usually assumed that the preferences of the agents in the matching market are fixed. However, in many realistic scenarios, preferences change over time. Consequently, an initially stable matching may become unstable. Then, a natural goal is to find a matching which is stable with respect to the modified preferences and as close as possible to the initial one. For Stable Marriage/Roommates, this problem was formally defined as Incremental Stable Marriage/Roommates by Bredereck et al. [AAAI '20]. As they showed that Incremental Stable Roommates and Incremental Stable Marriage with Ties are NP-hard, we focus on the parameterized complexity of these problems. We answer two open questions of Bredereck et al. [AAAI '20]: We show that Incremental Stable Roommates is W[1]-hard parameterized by the number of changes in the preferences, yet admits an intricate XP-algorithm, and we show that Incremental Stable Marriage with Ties is W[1]-hard parameterized by the number of ties. Furthermore, we analyze the influence of the degree of "similarity" between the agents' preference lists, identifying several polynomial-time solvable and fixed-parameter tractable cases, but also proving that Incremental Stable Roommates and Incremental Stable Marriage with Ties parameterized by the number of different preference lists are W[1]-hard.

Cite as

Niclas Boehmer, Klaus Heeger, and Rolf Niedermeier. Deepening the (Parameterized) Complexity Analysis of Incremental Stable Matching Problems. In 47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 241, pp. 21:1-21:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{boehmer_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.21,
  author =	{Boehmer, Niclas and Heeger, Klaus and Niedermeier, Rolf},
  title =	{{Deepening the (Parameterized) Complexity Analysis of Incremental Stable Matching Problems}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2022)},
  pages =	{21:1--21:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-256-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{241},
  editor =	{Szeider, Stefan and Ganian, Robert and Silva, Alexandra},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.21},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-168194},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2022.21},
  annote =	{Keywords: Stable Marriage, Stable Roommates, adapting to changing preferences, NP-hardness, W\lbrack1\rbrack-hardness, XP, FPT, master lists, incremental algorithms}
}
Document
Parameterized Complexity of Stable Roommates with Ties and Incomplete Lists Through the Lens of Graph Parameters

Authors: Robert Bredereck, Klaus Heeger, Dušan Knop, and Rolf Niedermeier

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 149, 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)


Abstract
We continue and extend previous work on the parameterized complexity analysis of the NP-hard Stable Roommates with Ties and Incomplete Lists problem, thereby strengthening earlier results both on the side of parameterized hardness as well as on the side of fixed-parameter tractability. Other than for its famous sister problem Stable Marriage which focuses on a bipartite scenario, Stable Roommates with Incomplete Lists allows for arbitrary acceptability graphs whose edges specify the possible matchings of each two agents (agents are represented by graph vertices). Herein, incomplete lists and ties reflect the fact that in realistic application scenarios the agents cannot bring all other agents into a linear order. Among our main contributions is to show that it is W[1]-hard to compute a maximum-cardinality stable matching for acceptability graphs of bounded treedepth, bounded tree-cut width, and bounded feedback vertex number (these are each time the respective parameters). However, if we "only" ask for perfect stable matchings or the mere existence of a stable matching, then we obtain fixed-parameter tractability with respect to tree-cut width but not with respect to treedepth. On the positive side, we also provide fixed-parameter tractability results for the parameter feedback edge set number.

Cite as

Robert Bredereck, Klaus Heeger, Dušan Knop, and Rolf Niedermeier. Parameterized Complexity of Stable Roommates with Ties and Incomplete Lists Through the Lens of Graph Parameters. In 30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 149, pp. 44:1-44:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{bredereck_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.44,
  author =	{Bredereck, Robert and Heeger, Klaus and Knop, Du\v{s}an and Niedermeier, Rolf},
  title =	{{Parameterized Complexity of Stable Roommates with Ties and Incomplete Lists Through the Lens of Graph Parameters}},
  booktitle =	{30th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2019)},
  pages =	{44:1--44:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-130-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{149},
  editor =	{Lu, Pinyan and Zhang, Guochuan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.44},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-115406},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2019.44},
  annote =	{Keywords: Stable matching, acceptability graph, fixed-parameter tractability, W\lbrack1\rbrack-hardness, treewidth, treedepth, tree-cut width, feedback set numbers}
}
Document
On Structural Parameterizations of the Bounded-Degree Vertex Deletion Problem

Authors: Robert Ganian, Fabian Klute, and Sebastian Ordyniak

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 96, 35th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2018)


Abstract
We study the parameterized complexity of the Bounded-Degree Vertex Deletion problem (BDD), where the aim is to find a maximum induced subgraph whose maximum degree is below a given degree bound. Our focus lies on parameters that measure the structural properties of the input instance. We first show that the problem is W[1]-hard parameterized by a wide range of fairly restrictive structural parameters such as the feedback vertex set number, pathwidth, treedepth, and even the size of a minimum vertex deletion set into graphs of pathwidth and treedepth at most three. We thereby resolve the main open question stated in Betzler, Bredereck, Niedermeier and Uhlmann (2012) concerning the complexity of BDD parameterized by the feedback vertex set number. On the positive side, we obtain fixed-parameter algorithms for the problem with respect to the decompositional parameter treecut width and a novel problem-specific parameter called the core fracture number.

Cite as

Robert Ganian, Fabian Klute, and Sebastian Ordyniak. On Structural Parameterizations of the Bounded-Degree Vertex Deletion Problem. In 35th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 96, pp. 33:1-33:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{ganian_et_al:LIPIcs.STACS.2018.33,
  author =	{Ganian, Robert and Klute, Fabian and Ordyniak, Sebastian},
  title =	{{On Structural Parameterizations of the Bounded-Degree Vertex Deletion Problem}},
  booktitle =	{35th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2018)},
  pages =	{33:1--33:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-062-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{96},
  editor =	{Niedermeier, Rolf and Vall\'{e}e, Brigitte},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2018.33},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-85140},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2018.33},
  annote =	{Keywords: bounded-degree vertex deletion, feedback vertex set, parameterized algorithms, treecut width}
}
Document
A Parameterized Algorithmics Framework for Degree Sequence Completion Problems in Directed Graphs

Authors: Robert Bredereck, Vincent Froese, Marcel Koseler, Marcelo Garlet Millani, André Nichterlein, and Rolf Niedermeier

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 63, 11th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2016)


Abstract
There has been intensive work on the parameterized complexity of the typically NP-hard task to edit undirected graphs into graphs fulfilling certain given vertex degree constraints. In this work, we lift the investigations to the case of directed graphs; herein, we focus on arc insertions. To this end, our general two-stage framework consists of efficiently solving a problem-specific number problem transferring its solution to a solution for the graph problem by applying flow computations. In this way, we obtain fixed-parameter tractability and polynomial kernelizability results, with the central parameter being the maximum vertex in- or outdegree of the output digraph. Although there are certain similarities with the much better studied undirected case, the flow computation used in the directed case seems not to work for the undirected case while f-factor computations as used in the undirected case seem not to work for the directed case.

Cite as

Robert Bredereck, Vincent Froese, Marcel Koseler, Marcelo Garlet Millani, André Nichterlein, and Rolf Niedermeier. A Parameterized Algorithmics Framework for Degree Sequence Completion Problems in Directed Graphs. In 11th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2016). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 63, pp. 10:1-10:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{bredereck_et_al:LIPIcs.IPEC.2016.10,
  author =	{Bredereck, Robert and Froese, Vincent and Koseler, Marcel and Millani, Marcelo Garlet and Nichterlein, Andr\'{e} and Niedermeier, Rolf},
  title =	{{A Parameterized Algorithmics Framework for Degree Sequence Completion Problems in Directed Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{11th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2016)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-023-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{63},
  editor =	{Guo, Jiong and Hermelin, Danny},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2016.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-69353},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2016.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: NP-hard graph problem, graph realizability, graph modification, arc insertion, fixed-parameter tractability, kernelization}
}
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