2 Search Results for "Cen, Ruoxu"


Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Sparsification of Directed Graphs via Cut Balance

Authors: Ruoxu Cen, Yu Cheng, Debmalya Panigrahi, and Kevin Sun

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)


Abstract
In this paper, we consider the problem of designing cut sparsifiers and sketches for directed graphs. To bypass known lower bounds, we allow the sparsifier/sketch to depend on the balance of the input graph, which smoothly interpolates between undirected and directed graphs. We give nearly matching upper and lower bounds for both for-all (cf. Benczúr and Karger, STOC 1996) and for-each (Andoni et al., ITCS 2016) cut sparsifiers/sketches as a function of cut balance, defined the maximum ratio of the cut value in the two directions of a directed graph (Ene et al., STOC 2016). We also show an interesting application of digraph sparsification via cut balance by using it to give a very short proof of a celebrated maximum flow result of Karger and Levine (STOC 2002).

Cite as

Ruoxu Cen, Yu Cheng, Debmalya Panigrahi, and Kevin Sun. Sparsification of Directed Graphs via Cut Balance. In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 45:1-45:21, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{cen_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.45,
  author =	{Cen, Ruoxu and Cheng, Yu and Panigrahi, Debmalya and Sun, Kevin},
  title =	{{Sparsification of Directed Graphs via Cut Balance}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{45:1--45:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.45},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141143},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.45},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph sparsification, directed graphs, cut sketches, space complexity}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Roundtrip Spanners with (2k-1) Stretch

Authors: Ruoxu Cen, Ran Duan, and Yong Gu

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 168, 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)


Abstract
A roundtrip spanner of a directed graph G is a subgraph of G preserving roundtrip distances approximately for all pairs of vertices. Despite extensive research, there is still a small stretch gap between roundtrip spanners in directed graphs and undirected graphs. For a directed graph with real edge weights in [1,W], we first propose a new deterministic algorithm that constructs a roundtrip spanner with (2k-1) stretch and O(k n^(1+1/k) log (nW)) edges for every integer k > 1, then remove the dependence of size on W to give a roundtrip spanner with (2k-1) stretch and O(k n^(1+1/k) log n) edges. While keeping the edge size small, our result improves the previous 2k+ε stretch roundtrip spanners in directed graphs [Roditty, Thorup, Zwick'02; Zhu, Lam'18], and almost matches the undirected (2k-1)-spanner with O(n^(1+1/k)) edges [Althöfer et al. '93] when k is a constant, which is optimal under Erdös conjecture.

Cite as

Ruoxu Cen, Ran Duan, and Yong Gu. Roundtrip Spanners with (2k-1) Stretch. In 47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 168, pp. 24:1-24:11, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{cen_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.24,
  author =	{Cen, Ruoxu and Duan, Ran and Gu, Yong},
  title =	{{Roundtrip Spanners with (2k-1) Stretch}},
  booktitle =	{47th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2020)},
  pages =	{24:1--24:11},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-138-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{168},
  editor =	{Czumaj, Artur and Dawar, Anuj and Merelli, Emanuela},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops-dev.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.24},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-124313},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2020.24},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph theory, Deterministic algorithm, Roundtrip spanners}
}
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