5 Search Results for "Chierichetti, Flavio"


Document
APPROX
The Query Complexity of Mastermind with l_p Distances

Authors: Manuel Fernández V, David P. Woodruff, and Taisuke Yasuda

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 145, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2019)


Abstract
Consider a variant of the Mastermind game in which queries are l_p distances, rather than the usual Hamming distance. That is, a codemaker chooses a hidden vector y in {-k,-k+1,...,k-1,k}^n and answers to queries of the form ||y-x||_p where x in {-k,-k+1,...,k-1,k}^n. The goal is to minimize the number of queries made in order to correctly guess y. In this work, we show an upper bound of O(min{n,(n log k)/(log n)}) queries for any real 1<=p<infty and O(n) queries for p=infty. To prove this result, we in fact develop a nonadaptive polynomial time algorithm that works for a natural class of separable distance measures, i.e., coordinate-wise sums of functions of the absolute value. We also show matching lower bounds up to constant factors, even for adaptive algorithms for the approximation version of the problem, in which the problem is to output y' such that ||y'-y||_p <= R for any R <= k^{1-epsilon}n^{1/p} for constant epsilon>0. Thus, essentially any approximation of this problem is as hard as finding the hidden vector exactly, up to constant factors. Finally, we show that for the noisy version of the problem, i.e., the setting when the codemaker answers queries with any q = (1 +/- epsilon)||y-x||_p, there is no query efficient algorithm.

Cite as

Manuel Fernández V, David P. Woodruff, and Taisuke Yasuda. The Query Complexity of Mastermind with l_p Distances. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 145, pp. 1:1-1:11, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{fernandezv_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2019.1,
  author =	{Fern\'{a}ndez V, Manuel and Woodruff, David P. and Yasuda, Taisuke},
  title =	{{The Query Complexity of Mastermind with l\underlinep Distances}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2019)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:11},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-125-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{145},
  editor =	{Achlioptas, Dimitris and V\'{e}gh, L\'{a}szl\'{o} A.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2019.1},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-112165},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2019.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Mastermind, Query Complexity, l\underlinep Distance}
}
Document
APPROX
On the Cost of Essentially Fair Clusterings

Authors: Ioana O. Bercea, Martin Groß, Samir Khuller, Aounon Kumar, Clemens Rösner, Daniel R. Schmidt, and Melanie Schmidt

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 145, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2019)


Abstract
Clustering is a fundamental tool in data mining and machine learning. It partitions points into groups (clusters) and may be used to make decisions for each point based on its group. However, this process may harm protected (minority) classes if the clustering algorithm does not adequately represent them in desirable clusters - especially if the data is already biased. At NIPS 2017, Chierichetti et al. [Flavio Chierichetti et al., 2017] proposed a model for fair clustering requiring the representation in each cluster to (approximately) preserve the global fraction of each protected class. Restricting to two protected classes, they developed both a 4-approximation for the fair k-center problem and a O(t)-approximation for the fair k-median problem, where t is a parameter for the fairness model. For multiple protected classes, the best known result is a 14-approximation for fair k-center [Clemens Rösner and Melanie Schmidt, 2018]. We extend and improve the known results. Firstly, we give a 5-approximation for the fair k-center problem with multiple protected classes. Secondly, we propose a relaxed fairness notion under which we can give bicriteria constant-factor approximations for all of the classical clustering objectives k-center, k-supplier, k-median, k-means and facility location. The latter approximations are achieved by a framework that takes an arbitrary existing unfair (integral) solution and a fair (fractional) LP solution and combines them into an essentially fair clustering with a weakly supervised rounding scheme. In this way, a fair clustering can be established belatedly, in a situation where the centers are already fixed.

Cite as

Ioana O. Bercea, Martin Groß, Samir Khuller, Aounon Kumar, Clemens Rösner, Daniel R. Schmidt, and Melanie Schmidt. On the Cost of Essentially Fair Clusterings. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 145, pp. 18:1-18:22, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{bercea_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2019.18,
  author =	{Bercea, Ioana O. and Gro{\ss}, Martin and Khuller, Samir and Kumar, Aounon and R\"{o}sner, Clemens and Schmidt, Daniel R. and Schmidt, Melanie},
  title =	{{On the Cost of Essentially Fair Clusterings}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2019)},
  pages =	{18:1--18:22},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-125-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{145},
  editor =	{Achlioptas, Dimitris and V\'{e}gh, L\'{a}szl\'{o} A.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2019.18},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-112337},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2019.18},
  annote =	{Keywords: approximation, clustering, fairness, LP rounding}
}
Document
On the Complexity of Sampling Vertices Uniformly from a Graph

Authors: Flavio Chierichetti and Shahrzad Haddadan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 107, 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018)


Abstract
We study a number of graph exploration problems in the following natural scenario: an algorithm starts exploring an undirected graph from some seed vertex; the algorithm, for an arbitrary vertex v that it is aware of, can ask an oracle to return the set of the neighbors of v. (In the case of social networks, a call to this oracle corresponds to downloading the profile page of user v.) The goal of the algorithm is to either learn something (e.g., average degree) about the graph, or to return some random function of the graph (e.g., a uniform-at-random vertex), while accessing/downloading as few vertices of the graph as possible. Motivated by practical applications, we study the complexities of a variety of problems in terms of the graph's mixing time t_{mix} and average degree d_{avg} - two measures that are believed to be quite small in real-world social networks, and that have often been used in the applied literature to bound the performance of online exploration algorithms. Our main result is that the algorithm has to access Omega (t_{mix} d_{avg} epsilon^{-2} ln delta^{-1}) vertices to obtain, with probability at least 1-delta, an epsilon additive approximation of the average of a bounded function on the vertices of a graph - this lower bound matches the performance of an algorithm that was proposed in the literature. We also give tight bounds for the problem of returning a close-to-uniform-at-random vertex from the graph. Finally, we give lower bounds for the problems of estimating the average degree of the graph, and the number of vertices of the graph.

Cite as

Flavio Chierichetti and Shahrzad Haddadan. On the Complexity of Sampling Vertices Uniformly from a Graph. In 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 107, pp. 149:1-149:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{chierichetti_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.149,
  author =	{Chierichetti, Flavio and Haddadan, Shahrzad},
  title =	{{On the Complexity of Sampling Vertices Uniformly from a Graph}},
  booktitle =	{45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018)},
  pages =	{149:1--149:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-076-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{107},
  editor =	{Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Kaklamanis, Christos and Marx, D\'{a}niel and Sannella, Donald},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.149},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-91538},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.149},
  annote =	{Keywords: Social Networks, Sampling, Graph Exploration, Lower Bounds}
}
Document
The Distortion of Locality Sensitive Hashing

Authors: Flavio Chierichetti, Ravi Kumar, Alessandro Panconesi, and Erisa Terolli

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 67, 8th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2017)


Abstract
Given a pairwise similarity notion between objects, locality sensitive hashing (LSH) aims to construct a hash function family over the universe of objects such that the probability two objects hash to the same value is their similarity. LSH is a powerful algorithmic tool for large-scale applications and much work has been done to understand LSHable similarities, i.e., similarities that admit an LSH. In this paper we focus on similarities that are provably non-LSHable and propose a notion of distortion to capture the approximation of such a similarity by a similarity that is LSHable. We consider several well-known non-LSHable similarities and show tight upper and lower bounds on their distortion. We also experimentally show that our upper bounds translate to e

Cite as

Flavio Chierichetti, Ravi Kumar, Alessandro Panconesi, and Erisa Terolli. The Distortion of Locality Sensitive Hashing. In 8th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 67, pp. 54:1-54:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{chierichetti_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2017.54,
  author =	{Chierichetti, Flavio and Kumar, Ravi and Panconesi, Alessandro and Terolli, Erisa},
  title =	{{The Distortion of Locality Sensitive Hashing}},
  booktitle =	{8th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2017)},
  pages =	{54:1--54:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-029-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{67},
  editor =	{Papadimitriou, Christos H.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2017.54},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-81688},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2017.54},
  annote =	{Keywords: locality sensitive hashing, distortion, similarity}
}
Document
On Reconstructing a Hidden Permutation

Authors: Flavio Chierichetti, Anirban Dasgupta, Ravi Kumar, and Silvio Lattanzi

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 28, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2014)


Abstract
The Mallows model is a classical model for generating noisy perturbations of a hidden permutation, where the magnitude of the perturbations is determined by a single parameter. In this work we consider the following reconstruction problem: given several perturbations of a hidden permutation that are generated according to the Mallows model, each with its own parameter, how to recover the hidden permutation? When the parameters are approximately known and satisfy certain conditions, we obtain a simple algorithm for reconstructing the hidden permutation; we also show that these conditions are nearly inevitable for reconstruction. We then provide an algorithm to estimate the parameters themselves. En route we obtain a precise characterization of the swapping probability in the Mallows model.

Cite as

Flavio Chierichetti, Anirban Dasgupta, Ravi Kumar, and Silvio Lattanzi. On Reconstructing a Hidden Permutation. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2014). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 28, pp. 604-617, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2014)


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@InProceedings{chierichetti_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2014.604,
  author =	{Chierichetti, Flavio and Dasgupta, Anirban and Kumar, Ravi and Lattanzi, Silvio},
  title =	{{On Reconstructing a Hidden Permutation}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2014)},
  pages =	{604--617},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-74-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2014},
  volume =	{28},
  editor =	{Jansen, Klaus and Rolim, Jos\'{e} and Devanur, Nikhil R. and Moore, Cristopher},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2014.604},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-47251},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2014.604},
  annote =	{Keywords: Mallows model; Rank aggregation; Reconstruction}
}
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