7 Search Results for "Francalanza, Adrian"


Document
Artifact
On the Monitorability of Session Types, in Theory and Practice (Artifact)

Authors: Christian Bartolo Burlò, Adrian Francalanza, and Alceste Scalas

Published in: DARTS, Volume 7, Issue 2, Special Issue of the 35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021)


Abstract
In the paper "On the Monitorability of Session Types, in Theory and Practice" we study the monitorability of message-passing black-box processes against protocol specifications expressed as session types; we formalise a monitor synthesis procedure, prove its correctness, and discuss its implementation - as a tool that synthesises an executable monitor (in the Scala programming language) from a given session type. This artifact contains the aforementioned monitor synthesis tool, called STMonitor; it includes the tool source code, and documentation to reproduce the examples and benchmarks described in the paper.

Cite as

Christian Bartolo Burlò, Adrian Francalanza, and Alceste Scalas. On the Monitorability of Session Types, in Theory and Practice (Artifact). In Special Issue of the 35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021). Dagstuhl Artifacts Series (DARTS), Volume 7, Issue 2, pp. 2:1-2:3, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@Article{bartoloburlo_et_al:DARTS.7.2.2,
  author =	{Bartolo Burl\`{o}, Christian and Francalanza, Adrian and Scalas, Alceste},
  title =	{{On the Monitorability of Session Types, in Theory and Practice (Artifact)}},
  pages =	{2:1--2:3},
  journal =	{Dagstuhl Artifacts Series},
  ISSN =	{2509-8195},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{7},
  number =	{2},
  editor =	{Bartolo Burl\`{o}, Christian and Francalanza, Adrian and Scalas, Alceste},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DARTS.7.2.2},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-140267},
  doi =		{10.4230/DARTS.7.2.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Session types, monitorability, monitor correctness, Scala}
}
Document
On the Monitorability of Session Types, in Theory and Practice

Authors: Christian Bartolo Burlò, Adrian Francalanza, and Alceste Scalas

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 194, 35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021)


Abstract
Software components are expected to communicate according to predetermined protocols and APIs. Numerous methods have been proposed to check the correctness of communicating systems against such protocols/APIs. Session types are one such method, used both for static type-checking as well as for run-time monitoring. This work takes a fresh look at the run-time verification of communicating systems using session types, in theory and in practice. On the theoretical side, we develop a formal model of session-monitored processes. We then use this model to formulate and prove new results on the monitorability of session types, defined in terms of soundness (i.e., whether monitors only flag ill-typed processes) and completeness (i.e., whether all ill-typed processes can be flagged by a monitor). On the practical side, we show that our monitoring theory is indeed realisable: we instantiate our formal model as a Scala toolkit (called STMonitor) for the automatic generation of session monitors. These executable monitors can be used as proxies to instrument communication across black-box processes written in any programming language. Finally, we evaluate the viability of our approach through a series of benchmarks.

Cite as

Christian Bartolo Burlò, Adrian Francalanza, and Alceste Scalas. On the Monitorability of Session Types, in Theory and Practice. In 35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 194, pp. 20:1-20:30, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{bartoloburlo_et_al:LIPIcs.ECOOP.2021.20,
  author =	{Bartolo Burl\`{o}, Christian and Francalanza, Adrian and Scalas, Alceste},
  title =	{{On the Monitorability of Session Types, in Theory and Practice}},
  booktitle =	{35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021)},
  pages =	{20:1--20:30},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-190-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{194},
  editor =	{M{\o}ller, Anders and Sridharan, Manu},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2021.20},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-140630},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2021.20},
  annote =	{Keywords: Session types, monitorability, monitor correctness, Scala}
}
Document
The Best a Monitor Can Do

Authors: Luca Aceto, Antonis Achilleos, Adrian Francalanza, Anna Ingólfsdóttir, and Karoliina Lehtinen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 183, 29th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2021)


Abstract
Existing notions of monitorability for branching-time properties are fairly restrictive. This, in turn, impacts the ability to incorporate prior knowledge about the system under scrutiny - which corresponds to a branching-time property - into the runtime analysis. We propose a definition of optimal monitors that verify the best monitorable under- or over-approximation of a specification, regardless of its monitorability status. Optimal monitors can be obtained for arbitrary branching-time properties by synthesising a sound and complete monitor for their strongest monitorable consequence. We show that the strongest monitorable consequence of specifications expressed in Hennessy-Milner logic with recursion is itself expressible in this logic, and present a procedure to find it. Our procedure enables prior knowledge to be optimally incorporated into runtime monitors.

Cite as

Luca Aceto, Antonis Achilleos, Adrian Francalanza, Anna Ingólfsdóttir, and Karoliina Lehtinen. The Best a Monitor Can Do. In 29th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 183, pp. 7:1-7:23, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{aceto_et_al:LIPIcs.CSL.2021.7,
  author =	{Aceto, Luca and Achilleos, Antonis and Francalanza, Adrian and Ing\'{o}lfsd\'{o}ttir, Anna and Lehtinen, Karoliina},
  title =	{{The Best a Monitor Can Do}},
  booktitle =	{29th EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic (CSL 2021)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-175-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{183},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Goubault-Larrecq, Jean},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2021.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-134416},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2021.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: monitorability, branching-time logics, runtime verification}
}
Document
On Runtime Enforcement via Suppressions

Authors: Luca Aceto, Ian Cassar, Adrian Francalanza, and Anna Ingólfsdóttir

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 118, 29th International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2018)


Abstract
Runtime enforcement is a dynamic analysis technique that uses monitors to enforce the behaviour specified by some correctness property on an executing system. The enforceability of a logic captures the extent to which the properties expressible via the logic can be enforced at runtime. We study the enforceability of Hennessy-Milner Logic with Recursion (muHML) with respect to suppression enforcement. We develop an operational framework for enforcement which we then use to formalise when a monitor enforces a muHML property. We also show that the safety syntactic fragment of the logic, sHML, is enforceable by providing an automated synthesis function that generates correct suppression monitors from sHML formulas.

Cite as

Luca Aceto, Ian Cassar, Adrian Francalanza, and Anna Ingólfsdóttir. On Runtime Enforcement via Suppressions. In 29th International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2018). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 118, pp. 34:1-34:17, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{aceto_et_al:LIPIcs.CONCUR.2018.34,
  author =	{Aceto, Luca and Cassar, Ian and Francalanza, Adrian and Ing\'{o}lfsd\'{o}ttir, Anna},
  title =	{{On Runtime Enforcement via Suppressions}},
  booktitle =	{29th International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2018)},
  pages =	{34:1--34:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-087-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{118},
  editor =	{Schewe, Sven and Zhang, Lijun},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2018.34},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-95729},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2018.34},
  annote =	{Keywords: Enforceability, Suppression Enforcement, Monitor Synthesis, Logic}
}
Document
Monitoring for Silent Actions

Authors: Luca Aceto, Antonis Achilleos, Adrian Francalanza, and Anna Ingólfsdóttir

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 93, 37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017)


Abstract
Silent actions are an essential mechanism for system modelling and specification. They are used to abstractly report the occurrence of computation steps without divulging their precise details, thereby enabling the description of important aspects such as the branching structure of a system. Yet, their use rarely features in specification logics used in runtime verification. We study monitorability aspects of a branching-time logic that employs silent actions, identifying which formulas are monitorable for a number of instrumentation setups. We also consider defective instrumentation setups that imprecisely report silent events, and establish monitorability results for tolerating these imperfections.

Cite as

Luca Aceto, Antonis Achilleos, Adrian Francalanza, and Anna Ingólfsdóttir. Monitoring for Silent Actions. In 37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 93, pp. 7:1-7:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2018)


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@InProceedings{aceto_et_al:LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.7,
  author =	{Aceto, Luca and Achilleos, Antonis and Francalanza, Adrian and Ing\'{o}lfsd\'{o}ttir, Anna},
  title =	{{Monitoring for Silent Actions}},
  booktitle =	{37th IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science (FSTTCS 2017)},
  pages =	{7:1--7:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-055-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{93},
  editor =	{Lokam, Satya and Ramanujam, R.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.7},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-84023},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2017.7},
  annote =	{Keywords: Runtime Verification, Monitorability, Hennessy-Milner Logic with Recursion, Silent Actions}
}
Document
Consistently-Detecting Monitors

Authors: Adrian Francalanza

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 85, 28th International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2017)


Abstract
We study a contextual definition for deterministic monitoring based on consistent detections. It is defined in terms of the observed behaviour of the monitor when instrumented over arbitrary systems. We give an alternative, coinductive definition based on controllability which does not rely on system quantifications, and show that it is fully-abstract with respect to the former definition. We then develop a symbolic counterpart to the controllability definition to facilitate an automated analysis for controllable monitors involving data.

Cite as

Adrian Francalanza. Consistently-Detecting Monitors. In 28th International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 85, pp. 8:1-8:19, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{francalanza:LIPIcs.CONCUR.2017.8,
  author =	{Francalanza, Adrian},
  title =	{{Consistently-Detecting Monitors}},
  booktitle =	{28th International Conference on Concurrency Theory (CONCUR 2017)},
  pages =	{8:1--8:19},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-048-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{85},
  editor =	{Meyer, Roland and Nestmann, Uwe},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2017.8},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-77722},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CONCUR.2017.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: Runtime Monitoring, Deterministic Behaviour, Controllability, Compositional Reasoning, Symbolic Analysis}
}
Document
A Unified Framework for Verification Techniques for Object Invariants

Authors: Sophia Drossopoulou, Adrian Francalanza, P. Müller, and Alexander J. Summers

Published in: Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8061, Types, Logics and Semantics for State (2008)


Abstract
Object invariants define the consistency of objects. They have subtle semantics, mainly because of call-backs, multi-object invariants, and subclassing. Several verification techniques for object invariants have been proposed. It is difficult to compare these techniques, and to ascertain their soundness, because of their differences in restrictions on programs and invariants, in the use of advanced type systems (e.g., ownership types), in the meaning of invariants, and in proof obligations. We develop a unified framework for such techniques. We distil seven parameters that characterise a verification technique, and identify sufficient conditions on these parameters which guarantee soundness. We instantiate our framework with three verification techniques from the literature, and use it to assess soundness and compare expressiveness.

Cite as

Sophia Drossopoulou, Adrian Francalanza, P. Müller, and Alexander J. Summers. A Unified Framework for Verification Techniques for Object Invariants. In Types, Logics and Semantics for State. Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings, Volume 8061, pp. 1-25, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2008)


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@InProceedings{drossopoulou_et_al:DagSemProc.08061.3,
  author =	{Drossopoulou, Sophia and Francalanza, Adrian and M\"{u}ller, P. and Summers, Alexander J.},
  title =	{{A Unified Framework for  Verification Techniques for Object Invariants}},
  booktitle =	{Types, Logics and Semantics for State},
  pages =	{1--25},
  series =	{Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings (DagSemProc)},
  ISSN =	{1862-4405},
  year =	{2008},
  volume =	{8061},
  editor =	{Amal Ahmed and Nick Benton and Martin Hofmann and Greg Morrisett},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/DagSemProc.08061.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-14278},
  doi =		{10.4230/DagSemProc.08061.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Object invariants, visible states semantics, verification, sound}
}
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