4 Search Results for "Gaitonde, Jason"


Document
Hardness Against Linear Branching Programs and More

Authors: Eshan Chattopadhyay and Jyun-Jie Liao

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 264, 38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023)


Abstract
In a recent work, Gryaznov, Pudlák and Talebanfard (CCC '22) introduced a linear variant of read-once branching programs, with motivations from circuit and proof complexity. Such a read-once linear branching program is a branching program where each node is allowed to make 𝔽₂-linear queries, and is read-once in the sense that the queries on each path is linearly independent. As their main result, they constructed an explicit function with average-case complexity 2^{n/3-o(n)} against a slightly restricted model, which they call strongly read-once linear branching programs. The main tool in their lower bound result is a new type of extractor, called directional affine extractors, that they introduced. Our main result is an explicit function with 2^{n-o(n)} average-case complexity against the strongly read-once linear branching program model, which is almost optimal. This result is based on a new connection from this problem to sumset extractors, which is a randomness extractor model introduced by Chattopadhyay and Li (STOC '16) as a generalization of many other well-studied models including two-source extractors, affine extractors and small-space extractors. With this new connection, our lower bound naturally follows from a recent construction of sumset extractors by Chattopadhyay and Liao (STOC '22). In addition, we show that directional affine extractors imply sumset extractors in a restricted setting. We observe that such restricted sumset sources are enough to derive lower bounds, and obtain an arguably more modular proof of the lower bound by Gryaznov, Pudlák and Talebanfard. We also initiate a study of pseudorandomness against linear branching programs. Our main result here is a hitting set generator construction against regular linear branching programs with constant width. We derive this result based on a connection to Kakeya sets over finite fields.

Cite as

Eshan Chattopadhyay and Jyun-Jie Liao. Hardness Against Linear Branching Programs and More. In 38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 264, pp. 9:1-9:27, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{chattopadhyay_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2023.9,
  author =	{Chattopadhyay, Eshan and Liao, Jyun-Jie},
  title =	{{Hardness Against Linear Branching Programs and More}},
  booktitle =	{38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:27},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-282-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{264},
  editor =	{Ta-Shma, Amnon},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2023.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-182794},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2023.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: linear branching programs, circuit lower bound, sumset extractors, hitting sets}
}
Document
Budget Pacing in Repeated Auctions: Regret and Efficiency Without Convergence

Authors: Jason Gaitonde, Yingkai Li, Bar Light, Brendan Lucier, and Aleksandrs Slivkins

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 251, 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)


Abstract
Online advertising via auctions increasingly dominates the marketing landscape. A typical advertiser may participate in thousands of auctions each day with bids tailored to a variety of signals about user demographics and intent. These auctions are strategically linked through a global budget constraint. To help address the difficulty of bidding, many major online platforms now provide automated budget management via a flexible approach called budget pacing: rather than bidding directly, an advertiser specifies a global budget target and a maximum willingness-to-pay for different types of advertising opportunities. The specified maximums are then scaled down (or "paced") by a multiplier so that the realized total spend matches the target budget. These automated bidders are now near-universally adopted across all mature advertising platforms, raising pressing questions about market outcomes that arise when advertisers use budget pacing simultaneously. In this paper we study the aggregate welfare and individual regret guarantees of dynamic pacing algorithms in repeated auctions with budgets. We show that when agents simultaneously use a natural form of gradient-based pacing, the liquid welfare obtained over the course of the dynamics is at least half the optimal liquid welfare obtainable by any allocation rule, matching the best possible bound for static auctions even in pure Nash equilibria [Aggarwal et al., WINE 2019; Babaioff et al., ITCS 2021]. In contrast to prior work, these results hold without requiring convergence of the dynamics, circumventing known computational obstacles of finding equilibria [Chen et al., EC 2021]. Our result is robust to the correlation structure among agents' valuations and holds for any core auction, a broad class that includes first-price, second-price, and GSP auctions. We complement the aggregate guarantees by showing that an agent using such pacing algorithms achieves an O(T^{3/4}) regret relative to the value obtained by the best fixed pacing multiplier in hindsight in stochastic bidding environments. Compared to past work, this result applies to more general auctions and extends to adversarial settings with respect to dynamic regret.

Cite as

Jason Gaitonde, Yingkai Li, Bar Light, Brendan Lucier, and Aleksandrs Slivkins. Budget Pacing in Repeated Auctions: Regret and Efficiency Without Convergence. In 14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 251, p. 52:1, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{gaitonde_et_al:LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.52,
  author =	{Gaitonde, Jason and Li, Yingkai and Light, Bar and Lucier, Brendan and Slivkins, Aleksandrs},
  title =	{{Budget Pacing in Repeated Auctions: Regret and Efficiency Without Convergence}},
  booktitle =	{14th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2023)},
  pages =	{52:1--52:1},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-263-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{251},
  editor =	{Tauman Kalai, Yael},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.52},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-175557},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2023.52},
  annote =	{Keywords: repeated auctions with budgets, pacing, learning in auctions}
}
Document
RANDOM
Eigenstripping, Spectral Decay, and Edge-Expansion on Posets

Authors: Jason Gaitonde, Max Hopkins, Tali Kaufman, Shachar Lovett, and Ruizhe Zhang

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 245, Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2022)


Abstract
Fast mixing of random walks on hypergraphs (simplicial complexes) has recently led to myriad breakthroughs throughout theoretical computer science. Many important applications, however, (e.g. to LTCs, 2-2 games) rely on a more general class of underlying structures called posets, and crucially take advantage of non-simplicial structure. These works make it clear that the global expansion properties of posets depend strongly on their underlying architecture (e.g. simplicial, cubical, linear algebraic), but the overall phenomenon remains poorly understood. In this work, we quantify the advantage of different poset architectures in both a spectral and combinatorial sense, highlighting how regularity controls the spectral decay and edge-expansion of corresponding random walks. We show that the spectra of walks on expanding posets (Dikstein, Dinur, Filmus, Harsha APPROX-RANDOM 2018) concentrate in strips around a small number of approximate eigenvalues controlled by the regularity of the underlying poset. This gives a simple condition to identify poset architectures (e.g. the Grassmann) that exhibit strong (even exponential) decay of eigenvalues, versus architectures like hypergraphs whose eigenvalues decay linearly - a crucial distinction in applications to hardness of approximation and agreement testing such as the recent proof of the 2-2 Games Conjecture (Khot, Minzer, Safra FOCS 2018). We show these results lead to a tight characterization of edge-expansion on expanding posets in the 𝓁₂-regime (generalizing recent work of Bafna, Hopkins, Kaufman, and Lovett (SODA 2022)), and pay special attention to the case of the Grassmann where we show our results are tight for a natural set of sparsifications of the Grassmann graphs. We note for clarity that our results do not recover the characterization of expansion used in the proof of the 2-2 Games Conjecture which relies on 𝓁_∞ rather than 𝓁₂-structure.

Cite as

Jason Gaitonde, Max Hopkins, Tali Kaufman, Shachar Lovett, and Ruizhe Zhang. Eigenstripping, Spectral Decay, and Edge-Expansion on Posets. In Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 245, pp. 16:1-16:24, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{gaitonde_et_al:LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2022.16,
  author =	{Gaitonde, Jason and Hopkins, Max and Kaufman, Tali and Lovett, Shachar and Zhang, Ruizhe},
  title =	{{Eigenstripping, Spectral Decay, and Edge-Expansion on Posets}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2022)},
  pages =	{16:1--16:24},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-249-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{245},
  editor =	{Chakrabarti, Amit and Swamy, Chaitanya},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2022.16},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-171381},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX/RANDOM.2022.16},
  annote =	{Keywords: High-dimensional expanders, posets, eposets}
}
Document
Fractional Pseudorandom Generators from Any Fourier Level

Authors: Eshan Chattopadhyay, Jason Gaitonde, Chin Ho Lee, Shachar Lovett, and Abhishek Shetty

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 200, 36th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2021)


Abstract
We prove new results on the polarizing random walk framework introduced in recent works of Chattopadhyay et al. [Chattopadhyay et al., 2019; Eshan Chattopadhyay et al., 2019] that exploit L₁ Fourier tail bounds for classes of Boolean functions to construct pseudorandom generators (PRGs). We show that given a bound on the k-th level of the Fourier spectrum, one can construct a PRG with a seed length whose quality scales with k. This interpolates previous works, which either require Fourier bounds on all levels [Chattopadhyay et al., 2019], or have polynomial dependence on the error parameter in the seed length [Eshan Chattopadhyay et al., 2019], and thus answers an open question in [Eshan Chattopadhyay et al., 2019]. As an example, we show that for polynomial error, Fourier bounds on the first O(log n) levels is sufficient to recover the seed length in [Chattopadhyay et al., 2019], which requires bounds on the entire tail. We obtain our results by an alternate analysis of fractional PRGs using Taylor’s theorem and bounding the degree-k Lagrange remainder term using multilinearity and random restrictions. Interestingly, our analysis relies only on the level-k unsigned Fourier sum, which is potentially a much smaller quantity than the L₁ notion in previous works. By generalizing a connection established in [Chattopadhyay et al., 2020], we give a new reduction from constructing PRGs to proving correlation bounds. Finally, using these improvements we show how to obtain a PRG for 𝔽₂ polynomials with seed length close to the state-of-the-art construction due to Viola [Emanuele Viola, 2009].

Cite as

Eshan Chattopadhyay, Jason Gaitonde, Chin Ho Lee, Shachar Lovett, and Abhishek Shetty. Fractional Pseudorandom Generators from Any Fourier Level. In 36th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 200, pp. 10:1-10:24, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{chattopadhyay_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2021.10,
  author =	{Chattopadhyay, Eshan and Gaitonde, Jason and Lee, Chin Ho and Lovett, Shachar and Shetty, Abhishek},
  title =	{{Fractional Pseudorandom Generators from Any Fourier Level}},
  booktitle =	{36th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2021)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:24},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-193-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{200},
  editor =	{Kabanets, Valentine},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2021.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-142843},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2021.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: Derandomization, pseudorandomness, pseudorandom generators, Fourier analysis}
}
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