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Improved FPT Algorithms for Deletion to Forest-Like Structures

Authors: Kishen N. Gowda, Aditya Lonkar, Fahad Panolan, Vraj Patel, and Saket Saurabh

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 181, 31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)


Abstract
The Feedback Vertex Set problem is undoubtedly one of the most well-studied problems in Parameterized Complexity. In this problem, given an undirected graph G and a non-negative integer k, the objective is to test whether there exists a subset S ⊆ V(G) of size at most k such that G-S is a forest. After a long line of improvement, recently, Li and Nederlof [SODA, 2020] designed a randomized algorithm for the problem running in time 𝒪^⋆(2.7^k). In the Parameterized Complexity literature, several problems around Feedback Vertex Set have been studied. Some of these include Independent Feedback Vertex Set (where the set S should be an independent set in G), Almost Forest Deletion and Pseudoforest Deletion. In Pseudoforest Deletion, each connected component in G-S has at most one cycle in it. However, in Almost Forest Deletion, the input is a graph G and non-negative integers k,𝓁 ∈ ℕ, and the objective is to test whether there exists a vertex subset S of size at most k, such that G-S is 𝓁 edges away from a forest. In this paper, using the methodology of Li and Nederlof [SODA, 2020], we obtain the current fastest algorithms for all these problems. In particular we obtain following randomized algorithms. 1) Independent Feedback Vertex Set can be solved in time 𝒪^⋆(2.7^k). 2) Pseudo Forest Deletion can be solved in time 𝒪^⋆(2.85^k). 3) Almost Forest Deletion can be solved in 𝒪^⋆(min{2.85^k ⋅ 8.54^𝓁, 2.7^k ⋅ 36.61^𝓁, 3^k ⋅ 1.78^𝓁}).

Cite as

Kishen N. Gowda, Aditya Lonkar, Fahad Panolan, Vraj Patel, and Saket Saurabh. Improved FPT Algorithms for Deletion to Forest-Like Structures. In 31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 181, pp. 34:1-34:16, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{gowda_et_al:LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.34,
  author =	{Gowda, Kishen N. and Lonkar, Aditya and Panolan, Fahad and Patel, Vraj and Saurabh, Saket},
  title =	{{Improved FPT Algorithms for Deletion to Forest-Like Structures}},
  booktitle =	{31st International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2020)},
  pages =	{34:1--34:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-173-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{181},
  editor =	{Cao, Yixin and Cheng, Siu-Wing and Li, Minming},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.34},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-133781},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2020.34},
  annote =	{Keywords: Parameterized Complexity, Independent Feedback Vertex Set, PseudoForest, Almost Forest, Cut and Count, Treewidth}
}
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