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Randomization in Non-Uniform Finite Automata

Authors: Pavol Ďuriš, Rastislav Královič, Richard Královič, Dana Pardubská, Martin Pašen, and Peter Rossmanith

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 170, 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)


Abstract
The non-uniform version of Turing machines with an extra advice input tape that depends on the length of the input but not the input itself is a well-studied model in complexity theory. We investigate the same notion of non-uniformity in weaker models, namely one-way finite automata. In particular, we are interested in the power of two-sided bounded-error randomization, and how it compares to determinism and non-determinism. We show that for unlimited advice, randomization is strictly stronger than determinism, and strictly weaker than non-determinism. However, when the advice is restricted to polynomial length, the landscape changes: the expressive power of determinism and randomization does not change, but the power of non-determinism is reduced to the extent that it becomes incomparable with randomization.

Cite as

Pavol Ďuriš, Rastislav Královič, Richard Královič, Dana Pardubská, Martin Pašen, and Peter Rossmanith. Randomization in Non-Uniform Finite Automata. In 45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 170, pp. 30:1-30:13, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{duris_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.30,
  author =	{\v{D}uri\v{s}, Pavol and Kr\'{a}lovi\v{c}, Rastislav and Kr\'{a}lovi\v{c}, Richard and Pardubsk\'{a}, Dana and Pa\v{s}en, Martin and Rossmanith, Peter},
  title =	{{Randomization in Non-Uniform Finite Automata}},
  booktitle =	{45th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2020)},
  pages =	{30:1--30:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-159-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{170},
  editor =	{Esparza, Javier and Kr\'{a}l', Daniel},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.30},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-126987},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2020.30},
  annote =	{Keywords: finite automata, non-uniform computation, randomization}
}
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