3 Search Results for "Raszyk, Martin"


Document
Practical Relational Calculus Query Evaluation

Authors: Martin Raszyk, David Basin, Srđan Krstić, and Dmitriy Traytel

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 220, 25th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2022)


Abstract
The relational calculus (RC) is a concise, declarative query language. However, existing RC query evaluation approaches are inefficient and often deviate from established algorithms based on finite tables used in database management systems. We devise a new translation of an arbitrary RC query into two safe-range queries, for which the finiteness of the query’s evaluation result is guaranteed. Assuming an infinite domain, the two queries have the following meaning: The first is closed and characterizes the original query’s relative safety, i.e., whether given a fixed database, the original query evaluates to a finite relation. The second safe-range query is equivalent to the original query, if the latter is relatively safe. We compose our translation with other, more standard ones to ultimately obtain two SQL queries. This allows us to use standard database management systems to evaluate arbitrary RC queries. We show that our translation improves the time complexity over existing approaches, which we also empirically confirm in both realistic and synthetic experiments.

Cite as

Martin Raszyk, David Basin, Srđan Krstić, and Dmitriy Traytel. Practical Relational Calculus Query Evaluation. In 25th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 220, pp. 11:1-11:21, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{raszyk_et_al:LIPIcs.ICDT.2022.11,
  author =	{Raszyk, Martin and Basin, David and Krsti\'{c}, Sr{\d}an and Traytel, Dmitriy},
  title =	{{Practical Relational Calculus Query Evaluation}},
  booktitle =	{25th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2022)},
  pages =	{11:1--11:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-223-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{220},
  editor =	{Olteanu, Dan and Vortmeier, Nils},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2022.11},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-158857},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2022.11},
  annote =	{Keywords: Relational calculus, relative safety, safe-range, query translation}
}
Document
Finding Optimal Solutions With Neighborly Help

Authors: Elisabet Burjons, Fabian Frei, Edith Hemaspaandra, Dennis Komm, and David Wehner

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 138, 44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019)


Abstract
Can we efficiently compute optimal solutions to instances of a hard problem from optimal solutions to neighboring (i.e., locally modified) instances? For example, can we efficiently compute an optimal coloring for a graph from optimal colorings for all one-edge-deleted subgraphs? Studying such questions not only gives detailed insight into the structure of the problem itself, but also into the complexity of related problems; most notably graph theory’s core notion of critical graphs (e.g., graphs whose chromatic number decreases under deletion of an arbitrary edge) and the complexity-theoretic notion of minimality problems (also called criticality problems, e.g., recognizing graphs that become 3-colorable when an arbitrary edge is deleted). We focus on two prototypical graph problems, Colorability and Vertex Cover. For example, we show that it is NP-hard to compute an optimal coloring for a graph from optimal colorings for all its one-vertex-deleted subgraphs, and that this remains true even when optimal solutions for all one-edge-deleted subgraphs are given. In contrast, computing an optimal coloring from all (or even just two) one-edge-added supergraphs is in P. We observe that Vertex Cover exhibits a remarkably different behavior, demonstrating the power of our model to delineate problems from each other more precisely on a structural level. Moreover, we provide a number of new complexity results for minimality and criticality problems. For example, we prove that Minimal-3-UnColorability is complete for DP (differences of NP sets), which was previously known only for the more amenable case of deleting vertices rather than edges. For Vertex Cover, we show that recognizing beta-vertex-critical graphs is complete for Theta_2^p (parallel access to NP), obtaining the first completeness result for a criticality problem for this class.

Cite as

Elisabet Burjons, Fabian Frei, Edith Hemaspaandra, Dennis Komm, and David Wehner. Finding Optimal Solutions With Neighborly Help. In 44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 138, pp. 78:1-78:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{burjons_et_al:LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.78,
  author =	{Burjons, Elisabet and Frei, Fabian and Hemaspaandra, Edith and Komm, Dennis and Wehner, David},
  title =	{{Finding Optimal Solutions With Neighborly Help}},
  booktitle =	{44th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2019)},
  pages =	{78:1--78:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-117-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{138},
  editor =	{Rossmanith, Peter and Heggernes, Pinar and Katoen, Joost-Pieter},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.78},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-110221},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2019.78},
  annote =	{Keywords: Critical Graphs, Computational Complexity, Structural Self-Reducibility, Minimality Problems, Colorability, Vertex Cover, Satisfiability, Reoptimization, Advice}
}
Document
Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming
From Nondeterministic to Multi-Head Deterministic Finite-State Transducers (Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming)

Authors: Martin Raszyk, David Basin, and Dmitriy Traytel

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 132, 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)


Abstract
Every nondeterministic finite-state automaton is equivalent to a deterministic finite-state automaton. This result does not extend to finite-state transducers - finite-state automata equipped with a one-way output tape. There is a strict hierarchy of functions accepted by one-way deterministic finite-state transducers (1DFTs), one-way nondeterministic finite-state transducers (1NFTs), and two-way nondeterministic finite-state transducers (2NFTs), whereas the two-way deterministic finite-state transducers (2DFTs) accept the same family of functions as their nondeterministic counterparts (2NFTs). We define multi-head one-way deterministic finite-state transducers (mh-1DFTs) as a natural extension of 1DFTs. These transducers have multiple one-way reading heads that move asynchronously over the input word. Our main result is that mh-1DFTs can deterministically express any function defined by a one-way nondeterministic finite-state transducer. Of independent interest, we formulate the all-suffix regular matching problem, which is the problem of deciding for each suffix of an input word whether it belongs to a regular language. As part of our proof, we show that an mh-1DFT can solve all-suffix regular matching, which has applications, e.g., in runtime verification.

Cite as

Martin Raszyk, David Basin, and Dmitriy Traytel. From Nondeterministic to Multi-Head Deterministic Finite-State Transducers (Track B: Automata, Logic, Semantics, and Theory of Programming). In 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 132, pp. 127:1-127:14, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


Copy BibTex To Clipboard

@InProceedings{raszyk_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.127,
  author =	{Raszyk, Martin and Basin, David and Traytel, Dmitriy},
  title =	{{From Nondeterministic to Multi-Head Deterministic Finite-State Transducers}},
  booktitle =	{46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2019)},
  pages =	{127:1--127:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-109-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{132},
  editor =	{Baier, Christel and Chatzigiannakis, Ioannis and Flocchini, Paola and Leonardi, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.127},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-107037},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2019.127},
  annote =	{Keywords: Formal languages, Nondeterminism, Multi-head automata, Finite transducers}
}
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