6 Search Results for "Tabei, Yasuo"


Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
An Optimal-Time RLBWT Construction in BWT-Runs Bounded Space

Authors: Takaaki Nishimoto, Shunsuke Kanda, and Yasuo Tabei

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 229, 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)


Abstract
The compression of highly repetitive strings (i.e., strings with many repetitions) has been a central research topic in string processing, and quite a few compression methods for these strings have been proposed thus far. Among them, an efficient compression format gathering increasing attention is the run-length Burrows-Wheeler transform (RLBWT), which is a run-length encoded BWT as a reversible permutation of an input string on the lexicographical order of suffixes. State-of-the-art construction algorithms of RLBWT have a serious issue with respect to (i) non-optimal computation time or (ii) a working space that is linearly proportional to the length of an input string. In this paper, we present r-comp, the first optimal-time construction algorithm of RLBWT in BWT-runs bounded space. That is, the computational complexity of r-comp is O(n + r log r) time and O(r log n) bits of working space for the length n of an input string and the number r of equal-letter runs in BWT. The computation time is optimal (i.e., O(n)) for strings with the property r = O(n/log n), which holds for most highly repetitive strings. Experiments using a real-world dataset of highly repetitive strings show the effectiveness of r-comp with respect to computation time and space.

Cite as

Takaaki Nishimoto, Shunsuke Kanda, and Yasuo Tabei. An Optimal-Time RLBWT Construction in BWT-Runs Bounded Space. In 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 229, pp. 99:1-99:20, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{nishimoto_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.99,
  author =	{Nishimoto, Takaaki and Kanda, Shunsuke and Tabei, Yasuo},
  title =	{{An Optimal-Time RLBWT Construction in BWT-Runs Bounded Space}},
  booktitle =	{49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)},
  pages =	{99:1--99:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-235-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{229},
  editor =	{Boja\'{n}czyk, Miko{\l}aj and Merelli, Emanuela and Woodruff, David P.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.99},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-164403},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.99},
  annote =	{Keywords: lossless data compression, Burrows-Wheeler transform, highly repetitive text collections}
}
Document
Invited Talk
Compact Text Indexing for Advanced Pattern Matching Problems: Parameterized, Order-Isomorphic, 2D, etc. (Invited Talk)

Authors: Sharma V. Thankachan

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 223, 33rd Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2022)


Abstract
In the past two decades, we have witnessed the design of various compact data structures for pattern matching over an indexed text [Navarro, 2016]. Popular indexes like the FM-index [Paolo Ferragina and Giovanni Manzini, 2005], compressed suffix arrays/trees [Roberto Grossi and Jeffrey Scott Vitter, 2005; Kunihiko Sadakane, 2007], the recent r-index [Travis Gagie et al., 2020; Takaaki Nishimoto and Yasuo Tabei, 2021], etc., capture the key functionalities of classic suffix arrays/trees [Udi Manber and Eugene W. Myers, 1993; Peter Weiner, 1973] in compact space. Mostly, they rely on the Burrows-Wheeler Transform (BWT) and its associated operations [Burrows and Wheeler, 1994]. However, compactly encoding some advanced suffix tree (ST) variants, like parameterized ST [Brenda S. Baker, 1993; S. Rao Kosaraju, 1995; Juan Mendivelso et al., 2020], order-isomorphic/preserving ST [Maxime Crochemore et al., 2016], two-dimensional ST [Raffaele Giancarlo, 1995; Dong Kyue Kim et al., 1998], etc. [Sung Gwan Park et al., 2019; Tetsuo Shibuya, 2000]- collectively known as suffix trees with missing suffix links [Richard Cole and Ramesh Hariharan, 2003], has been challenging. The previous techniques are not easily extendable because these variants do not hold some structural properties of the standard ST that enable compression. However, some limited progress has been made in these directions recently [Arnab Ganguly et al., 2017; Travis Gagie et al., 2017; Gianni Decaroli et al., 2017; Dhrumil Patel and Rahul Shah, 2021; Arnab Ganguly et al., 2021; Sung{-}Hwan Kim and Hwan{-}Gue Cho, 2021; Sung{-}Hwan Kim and Hwan{-}Gue Cho, 2021; Arnab Ganguly et al., 2017; Arnab Ganguly et al., 2022; Arnab Ganguly et al., 2021]. This talk will briefly survey them and highlight some interesting open problems.

Cite as

Sharma V. Thankachan. Compact Text Indexing for Advanced Pattern Matching Problems: Parameterized, Order-Isomorphic, 2D, etc. (Invited Talk). In 33rd Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2022). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 223, pp. 3:1-3:3, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2022)


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@InProceedings{thankachan:LIPIcs.CPM.2022.3,
  author =	{Thankachan, Sharma V.},
  title =	{{Compact Text Indexing for Advanced Pattern Matching Problems: Parameterized, Order-Isomorphic, 2D, etc.}},
  booktitle =	{33rd Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2022)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:3},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-234-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{223},
  editor =	{Bannai, Hideo and Holub, Jan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2022.3},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-161300},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2022.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Text Indexing, Suffix Trees, String Matching}
}
Document
Track A: Algorithms, Complexity and Games
Optimal-Time Queries on BWT-Runs Compressed Indexes

Authors: Takaaki Nishimoto and Yasuo Tabei

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 198, 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)


Abstract
Indexing highly repetitive strings (i.e., strings with many repetitions) for fast queries has become a central research topic in string processing, because it has a wide variety of applications in bioinformatics and natural language processing. Although a substantial number of indexes for highly repetitive strings have been proposed thus far, developing compressed indexes that support various queries remains a challenge. The run-length Burrows-Wheeler transform (RLBWT) is a lossless data compression by a reversible permutation of an input string and run-length encoding, and it has received interest for indexing highly repetitive strings. LF and ϕ^{-1} are two key functions for building indexes on RLBWT, and the best previous result computes LF and ϕ^{-1} in O(log log n) time with O(r) words of space for the string length n and the number r of runs in RLBWT. In this paper, we improve LF and ϕ^{-1} so that they can be computed in a constant time with O(r) words of space. Subsequently, we present OptBWTR (optimal-time queries on BWT-runs compressed indexes), the first string index that supports various queries including locate, count, extract queries in optimal time and O(r) words of space.

Cite as

Takaaki Nishimoto and Yasuo Tabei. Optimal-Time Queries on BWT-Runs Compressed Indexes. In 48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 198, pp. 101:1-101:15, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{nishimoto_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.101,
  author =	{Nishimoto, Takaaki and Tabei, Yasuo},
  title =	{{Optimal-Time Queries on BWT-Runs Compressed Indexes}},
  booktitle =	{48th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2021)},
  pages =	{101:1--101:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-195-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{198},
  editor =	{Bansal, Nikhil and Merelli, Emanuela and Worrell, James},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.101},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-141702},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2021.101},
  annote =	{Keywords: Compressed text indexes, Burrows-Wheeler transform, highly repetitive text collections}
}
Document
R-enum: Enumeration of Characteristic Substrings in BWT-runs Bounded Space

Authors: Takaaki Nishimoto and Yasuo Tabei

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 191, 32nd Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2021)


Abstract
Enumerating characteristic substrings (e.g., maximal repeats, minimal unique substrings, and minimal absent words) in a given string has been an important research topic because there are a wide variety of applications in various areas such as string processing and computational biology. Although several enumeration algorithms for characteristic substrings have been proposed, they are not space-efficient in that their space-usage is proportional to the length of an input string. Recently, the run-length encoded Burrows-Wheeler transform (RLBWT) has attracted increased attention in string processing, and various algorithms for the RLBWT have been developed. Developing enumeration algorithms for characteristic substrings with the RLBWT, however, remains a challenge. In this paper, we present r-enum (RLBWT-based enumeration), the first enumeration algorithm for characteristic substrings based on RLBWT. R-enum runs in O(n log log (n/r)) time and with O(r log n) bits of working space for string length n and number r of runs in RLBWT. Here, r is expected to be significantly smaller than n for highly repetitive strings (i.e., strings with many repetitions). Experiments using a benchmark dataset of highly repetitive strings show that the results of r-enum are more space-efficient than the previous results. In addition, we demonstrate the applicability of r-enum to a huge string by performing experiments on a 300-gigabyte string of 100 human genomes.

Cite as

Takaaki Nishimoto and Yasuo Tabei. R-enum: Enumeration of Characteristic Substrings in BWT-runs Bounded Space. In 32nd Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2021). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 191, pp. 21:1-21:21, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2021)


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@InProceedings{nishimoto_et_al:LIPIcs.CPM.2021.21,
  author =	{Nishimoto, Takaaki and Tabei, Yasuo},
  title =	{{R-enum: Enumeration of Characteristic Substrings in BWT-runs Bounded Space}},
  booktitle =	{32nd Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2021)},
  pages =	{21:1--21:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-186-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{191},
  editor =	{Gawrychowski, Pawe{\l} and Starikovskaya, Tatiana},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2021.21},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-139723},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2021.21},
  annote =	{Keywords: Enumeration algorithm, Burrows-Wheeler transform, Maximal repeats, Minimal unique substrings, Minimal absent words}
}
Document
Fast and Accurate Structure Probability Estimation for Simultaneous Alignment and Folding of RNAs

Authors: Milad Miladi, Martin Raden, Sebastian Will, and Rolf Backofen

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 143, 19th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2019)


Abstract
Motivation: Simultaneous alignment and folding (SA&F) of RNAs is the indispensable gold standard for inferring the structure of non-coding RNAs and their general analysis. The original algorithm, proposed by Sankoff, solves the theoretical problem exactly with a complexity of O(n^6) in the full energy model. Over the last two decades, several variants and improvements of the Sankoff algorithm have been proposed to reduce its extreme complexity by proposing simplified energy models or imposing restrictions on the predicted alignments. Results: Here we introduce a novel variant of Sankoff’s algorithm that reconciles the simplifications of PMcomp, namely moving from the full energy model to a simpler base pair-based model, with the accuracy of the loop-based full energy model. Instead of estimating pseudo-energies from unconditional base pair probabilities, our model calculates energies from conditional base pair probabilities that allow to accurately capture structure probabilities, which obey a conditional dependency. Supporting modifications with surgical precision, this model gives rise to the fast and highly accurate novel algorithm Pankov (Probabilistic Sankoff-like simultaneous alignment and folding of RNAs inspired by Markov chains). Pankov benefits from the speed-up of excluding unreliable base-pairing without compromising the loop-based free energy model of the Sankoff’s algorithm. We show that Pankov outperforms its predecessors LocARNA and SPARSE in folding quality and is faster than LocARNA. Pankov is developed as a branch of the LocARNA package and available at https://github.com/mmiladi/Pankov.

Cite as

Milad Miladi, Martin Raden, Sebastian Will, and Rolf Backofen. Fast and Accurate Structure Probability Estimation for Simultaneous Alignment and Folding of RNAs. In 19th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 143, pp. 14:1-14:13, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{miladi_et_al:LIPIcs.WABI.2019.14,
  author =	{Miladi, Milad and Raden, Martin and Will, Sebastian and Backofen, Rolf},
  title =	{{Fast and Accurate Structure Probability Estimation for Simultaneous Alignment and Folding of RNAs}},
  booktitle =	{19th International Workshop on Algorithms in Bioinformatics (WABI 2019)},
  pages =	{14:1--14:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-123-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{143},
  editor =	{Huber, Katharina T. and Gusfield, Dan},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.WABI.2019.14},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-110446},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.WABI.2019.14},
  annote =	{Keywords: RNA secondary structure, Structural bioinformatics, Alignment, Algorithms}
}
Document
Conversion from RLBWT to LZ77

Authors: Takaaki Nishimoto and Yasuo Tabei

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 128, 30th Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2019)


Abstract
Converting a compressed format of a string into another compressed format without an explicit decompression is one of the central research topics in string processing. We discuss the problem of converting the run-length Burrows-Wheeler Transform (RLBWT) of a string into Lempel-Ziv 77 (LZ77) phrases of the reversed string. The first results with Policriti and Prezza’s conversion algorithm [Algorithmica 2018] were O(n log r) time and O(r) working space for length of the string n, number of runs r in the RLBWT, and number of LZ77 phrases z. Recent results with Kempa’s conversion algorithm [SODA 2019] are O(n / log n + r log^{9} n + z log^{9} n) time and O(n / log_{sigma} n + r log^{8} n) working space for the alphabet size sigma of the RLBWT. In this paper, we present a new conversion algorithm by improving Policriti and Prezza’s conversion algorithm where dynamic data structures for general purpose are used. We argue that these dynamic data structures can be replaced and present new data structures for faster conversion. The time and working space of our conversion algorithm with new data structures are O(n min{log log n, sqrt{(log r)/(log log r)}}) and O(r), respectively.

Cite as

Takaaki Nishimoto and Yasuo Tabei. Conversion from RLBWT to LZ77. In 30th Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2019). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 128, pp. 9:1-9:12, Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{nishimoto_et_al:LIPIcs.CPM.2019.9,
  author =	{Nishimoto, Takaaki and Tabei, Yasuo},
  title =	{{Conversion from RLBWT to LZ77}},
  booktitle =	{30th Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2019)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-103-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{128},
  editor =	{Pisanti, Nadia and P. Pissis, Solon},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2019.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-104807},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2019.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: Burrows-Wheeler Transform, Lempel-Ziv Parsing, Lossless Data Compression}
}
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