5 Search Results for "Witt, Sascha"


Document
Arc-Flags Meet Trip-Based Public Transit Routing

Authors: Ernestine Großmann, Jonas Sauer, Christian Schulz, and Patrick Steil

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 265, 21st International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2023)


Abstract
We present Arc-Flag TB, a journey planning algorithm for public transit networks which combines Trip-Based Public Transit Routing (TB) with the Arc-Flags speedup technique. Compared to previous attempts to apply Arc-Flags to public transit networks, which saw limited success, our approach uses stronger pruning rules to reduce the search space. Our experiments show that Arc-Flag TB achieves a speedup of up to two orders of magnitude over TB, offering query times of less than a millisecond even on large countrywide networks. Compared to the state-of-the-art speedup technique Trip-Based Public Transit Routing Using Condensed Search Trees (TB-CST), our algorithm achieves similar query times but requires significantly less additional memory. Other state-of-the-art algorithms which achieve even faster query times, e.g., Public Transit Labeling, require enormous memory usage. In contrast, Arc-Flag TB offers a tradeoff between query performance and memory usage due to the fact that the number of regions in the network partition required by our algorithm is a configurable parameter. We also identify a previously undiscovered issue in the transfer precomputation of TB, which causes both TB-CST and Arc-Flag TB to answer some queries incorrectly. We provide discussion on how to resolve this issue in the future. Currently, Arc-Flag TB answers 1-6% of queries incorrectly, compared to over 20% for TB-CST on some networks.

Cite as

Ernestine Großmann, Jonas Sauer, Christian Schulz, and Patrick Steil. Arc-Flags Meet Trip-Based Public Transit Routing. In 21st International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2023). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 265, pp. 16:1-16:18, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2023)


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@InProceedings{gromann_et_al:LIPIcs.SEA.2023.16,
  author =	{Gro{\ss}mann, Ernestine and Sauer, Jonas and Schulz, Christian and Steil, Patrick},
  title =	{{Arc-Flags Meet Trip-Based Public Transit Routing}},
  booktitle =	{21st International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms (SEA 2023)},
  pages =	{16:1--16:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-279-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{265},
  editor =	{Georgiadis, Loukas},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2023.16},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-183664},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.SEA.2023.16},
  annote =	{Keywords: Public transit routing, graph algorithms, algorithm engineering}
}
Document
Integrating ULTRA and Trip-Based Routing

Authors: Jonas Sauer, Dorothea Wagner, and Tobias Zündorf

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 85, 20th Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2020)


Abstract
We study a bi-modal journey planning scenario consisting of a public transit network and a transfer graph representing a secondary transportation mode (e.g., walking or cycling). Given a pair of source and target locations, the objective is to find a Pareto set of journeys optimizing arrival time and the number of required transfers. For public transit networks with a restricted, transitively closed transfer graph, one of the fastest known algorithms solving this bi-criteria problem is Trip-Based Routing [Witt, 2015]. However, this algorithm cannot be trivially extended to unrestricted transfer graphs. In this work, we combine Trip-Based Routing with ULTRA [Baum et al., 2019], a preprocessing technique that allows any public transit algorithm that requires transitive transfers to handle an unrestricted transfer graph. Since both ULTRA and Trip-Based Routing precompute transfer shortcuts in a preprocessing phase, a naive combination of the two leads to a three-phase algorithm that performs redundant work and produces superfluous shortcuts. We therefore propose a new, integrated preprocessing phase that combines the advantages of both and reduces the number of computed shortcuts by up to a factor of 9 compared to a naive combination. The resulting query algorithm, ULTRA-Trip-Based is the fastest known algorithm for the considered problem setting, achieving a speedup of up to 4 compared to the fastest previously known approach, ULTRA-RAPTOR.

Cite as

Jonas Sauer, Dorothea Wagner, and Tobias Zündorf. Integrating ULTRA and Trip-Based Routing. In 20th Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2020). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 85, pp. 4:1-4:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2020)


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@InProceedings{sauer_et_al:OASIcs.ATMOS.2020.4,
  author =	{Sauer, Jonas and Wagner, Dorothea and Z\"{u}ndorf, Tobias},
  title =	{{Integrating ULTRA and Trip-Based Routing}},
  booktitle =	{20th Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2020)},
  pages =	{4:1--4:15},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-170-2},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{85},
  editor =	{Huisman, Dennis and Zaroliagis, Christos D.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2020.4},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-131408},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2020.4},
  annote =	{Keywords: Algorithms, Journey Planning, Multi-Modal, Public Transportation}
}
Document
Mode Personalization in Trip-Based Transit Routing

Authors: Vassilissa Lehoux and Darko Drakulic

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 75, 19th Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2019)


Abstract
We study the problem of finding bi-criteria Pareto optimal journeys in public transit networks. We extend the Trip-Based Public Transit Routing (TB) approach [Sascha Witt, 2015] to allow for users to select modes of interest at query time. As a first step, we modify the preprocessing of the TB method for it to be correct for any set of selected modes. Then, we change the bi-criteria earliest arrival time queries, and propose a similar algorithm for latest departure time queries, that can handle the definition of the allowed mode set at query time. Experiments are run on 3 networks of different sizes to evaluate the cost of allowing for mode personalization. They show that although preprocessing times are increased, query times are similar when all modes are allowed and lower when some part of the network is removed by mode selection.

Cite as

Vassilissa Lehoux and Darko Drakulic. Mode Personalization in Trip-Based Transit Routing. In 19th Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2019). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 75, pp. 13:1-13:15, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2019)


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@InProceedings{lehoux_et_al:OASIcs.ATMOS.2019.13,
  author =	{Lehoux, Vassilissa and Drakulic, Darko},
  title =	{{Mode Personalization in Trip-Based Transit Routing}},
  booktitle =	{19th Symposium on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2019)},
  pages =	{13:1--13:15},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-128-3},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{75},
  editor =	{Cacchiani, Valentina and Marchetti-Spaccamela, Alberto},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2019.13},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-114256},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2019.13},
  annote =	{Keywords: Public transit, Route planning, Personalization}
}
Document
In-Place Parallel Super Scalar Samplesort (IPSSSSo)

Authors: Michael Axtmann, Sascha Witt, Daniel Ferizovic, and Peter Sanders

Published in: LIPIcs, Volume 87, 25th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2017)


Abstract
We present a sorting algorithm that works in-place, executes in parallel, is cache-efficient, avoids branch-mispredictions, and performs work O(n log n) for arbitrary inputs with high probability. The main algorithmic contributions are new ways to make distribution-based algorithms in-place: On the practical side, by using coarse-grained block-based permutations, and on the theoretical side, we show how to eliminate the recursion stack. Extensive experiments shw that our algorithm IPSSSSo scales well on a variety of multi-core machines. We outperform our closest in-place competitor by a factor of up to 3. Even as a sequential algorithm, we are up to 1.5 times faster than the closest sequential competitor, BlockQuicksort.

Cite as

Michael Axtmann, Sascha Witt, Daniel Ferizovic, and Peter Sanders. In-Place Parallel Super Scalar Samplesort (IPSSSSo). In 25th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2017). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 87, pp. 9:1-9:14, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2017)


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@InProceedings{axtmann_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2017.9,
  author =	{Axtmann, Michael and Witt, Sascha and Ferizovic, Daniel and Sanders, Peter},
  title =	{{In-Place Parallel Super Scalar Samplesort (IPSSSSo)}},
  booktitle =	{25th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2017)},
  pages =	{9:1--9:14},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-049-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{87},
  editor =	{Pruhs, Kirk and Sohler, Christian},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2017.9},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-78542},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2017.9},
  annote =	{Keywords: shared memory, parallel sorting, in-place algorithm, comparison-based sorting, branch prediction}
}
Document
Trip-Based Public Transit Routing Using Condensed Search Trees

Authors: Sascha Witt

Published in: OASIcs, Volume 54, 16th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2016)


Abstract
We study the problem of planning Pareto-optimal journeys in public transit networks. Most existing algorithms and speed-up techniques work by computing subjourneys to intermediary stops until the destination is reached. In contrast, the trip-based model focuses on trips and transfers between them, constructing journeys as a sequence of trips. In this paper, we develop a speed-up technique for this model inspired by principles behind existing state-of-the-art speed-up techniques, Transfer Patterns and Hub Labelling. The resulting algorithm allows us to compute Pareto-optimal (with respect to arrival time and number of transfers) 24-hour profiles on very large real-world networks in less than half a millisecond. Compared to the current state of the art for bicriteria queries on public transit networks, this is up to two orders of magnitude faster, while increasing preprocessing overhead by at most one order of magnitude.

Cite as

Sascha Witt. Trip-Based Public Transit Routing Using Condensed Search Trees. In 16th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2016). Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs), Volume 54, pp. 10:1-10:12, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2016)


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@InProceedings{witt:OASIcs.ATMOS.2016.10,
  author =	{Witt, Sascha},
  title =	{{Trip-Based Public Transit Routing Using Condensed Search Trees}},
  booktitle =	{16th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS 2016)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:12},
  series =	{Open Access Series in Informatics (OASIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-021-7},
  ISSN =	{2190-6807},
  year =	{2016},
  volume =	{54},
  editor =	{Goerigk, Marc and Werneck, Renato F.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/entities/document/10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2016.10},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-65341},
  doi =		{10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2016.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: Public Transit, Routing, Public Transport, Route Planning}
}
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