Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik GmbH Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik GmbH scholarly article en Chen, Victor; Grigorescu, Elena; de Wolf, Ronald http://www.dagstuhl.de/lipics License
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Efficient and Error-Correcting Data Structures for Membership and Polynomial Evaluation

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Abstract

We construct efficient data structures that are resilient against a constant fraction of adversarial noise. Our model requires that the decoder answers \emph{most} queries correctly with high probability and for the remaining queries, the decoder with high probability either answers correctly or declares ``don't know.'' Furthermore, if there is no noise on the data structure, it answers \emph{all} queries correctly with high probability. Our model is the common generalization of an error-correcting data structure model proposed recently by de~Wolf, and the notion of ``relaxed locally decodable codes'' developed in the PCP literature. We measure the efficiency of a data structure in terms of its \emph{length} (the number of bits in its representation), and query-answering time, measured by the number of \emph{bit-probes} to the (possibly corrupted) representation. We obtain results for the following two data structure problems: \begin{itemize} \item (Membership) Store a subset $S$ of size at most $s$ from a universe of size $n$ such that membership queries can be answered efficiently, i.e., decide if a given element from the universe is in $S$. \\ We construct an error-correcting data structure for this problem with length nearly linear in $s\log n$ that answers membership queries with $O(1)$ bit-probes. This nearly matches the asymptotically optimal parameters for the noiseless case: length $O(s\log n)$ and one bit-probe, due to Buhrman, Miltersen, Radhakrishnan, and Venkatesh. \item (Univariate polynomial evaluation) Store a univariate polynomial $g$ of degree $\deg(g)\leq s$ over the integers modulo $n$ such that evaluation queries can be answered efficiently, i.e., we can evaluate the output of $g$ on a given integer modulo $n$. \\ We construct an error-correcting data structure for this problem with length nearly linear in $s\log n$ that answers evaluation queries with $\polylog s\cdot\log^{1+o(1)}n$ bit-probes. This nearly matches the parameters of the best-known noiseless construction, due to Kedlaya and Umans. \end{itemize}

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{chen_et_al:LIPIcs:2010:2455,
  author =	{Victor Chen and Elena Grigorescu and Ronald de Wolf},
  title =	{{Efficient and Error-Correcting Data Structures for Membership and Polynomial Evaluation}},
  booktitle =	{27th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science},
  pages =	{203--214},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-16-3},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2010},
  volume =	{5},
  editor =	{Jean-Yves Marion and Thomas Schwentick},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2010/2455},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-24558},
  doi =		{http://dx.doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2010.2455},
  annote =	{Keywords: Data Structures, Error-Correcting Codes, Membership, Polynomial Evaluation}
}

Keywords: Data Structures, Error-Correcting Codes, Membership, Polynomial Evaluation
Seminar: 27th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science
Issue date: 2010
Date of publication: 2010


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