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URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-42086
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On the locality of arb-invariant first-order logic with modulo counting quantifiers

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Abstract

We study Gaifman and Hanf locality of an extension of first-order logic with modulo p counting quantifiers (FO+MODp, for short) with arbitrary numerical predicates. We require that the validity of formulas is independent of the particular interpretation of the numerical predicates and refer to such formulas as arb-invariant formulas. This paper gives a detailed picture of locality and non-locality properties of arb-invariant FO+MODp. For example, on the class of all finite structures, for any p >= 2, arb-invariant FO+MODp is neither Hanf nor Gaifman local with respect to a sublinear locality radius. However, in case that p is an odd prime power, it is weakly Gaifman local with a polylogarithmic locality radius. And when restricting attention to the class of string structures, for odd prime powers p, arb-invariant FO+MODp is both Hanf and Gaifman local with a polylogarithmic locality radius. Our negative results build on examples of order-invariant FO+MODp formulas presented in Niemistö's PhD thesis. Our positive results make use of the close connection between FO+MODp and Boolean circuits built from NOT-gates and AND-, OR-, and MODp-gates of arbitrary fan-in.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{harwath_et_al:LIPIcs:2013:4208,
  author =	{Frederik Harwath and Nicole Schweikardt},
  title =	{{On the locality of arb-invariant first-order logic with modulo counting quantifiers}},
  booktitle =	{Computer Science Logic 2013 (CSL 2013)},
  pages =	{363--379},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-939897-60-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2013},
  volume =	{23},
  editor =	{Simona Ronchi Della Rocca},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2013/4208},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-42086},
  doi =		{http://dx.doi.org/10.4230/LIPIcs.CSL.2013.363},
  annote =	{Keywords: finite model theory, Gaifman and Hanf locality, first-order logic with modulo counting quantifiers, order-invariant and arb-invariant formulas, lower }
}

Keywords: finite model theory, Gaifman and Hanf locality, first-order logic with modulo counting quantifiers, order-invariant and arb-invariant formulas, lower
Seminar: Computer Science Logic 2013 (CSL 2013)
Related Scholarly Article:
Issue date: 2013
Date of publication: 2013


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