Graph Isomorphism for K_{3,3}-free and K_5-free graphs is in Log-space

Authors Samir Datta, Prajakta Nimbhorkar, Thomas Thierauf, Fabian Wagner

Thumbnail PDF


  • Filesize: 120 kB
  • 12 pages

Document Identifiers

Author Details

Samir Datta
Prajakta Nimbhorkar
Thomas Thierauf
Fabian Wagner

Cite AsGet BibTex

Samir Datta, Prajakta Nimbhorkar, Thomas Thierauf, and Fabian Wagner. Graph Isomorphism for K_{3,3}-free and K_5-free graphs is in Log-space. In IARCS Annual Conference on Foundations of Software Technology and Theoretical Computer Science. Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 4, pp. 145-156, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2009)


Graph isomorphism is an important and widely studied computational problem with a yet unsettled complexity. However, the exact complexity is known for isomorphism of various classes of graphs. Recently, \cite{DLNTW09} proved that planar isomorphism is complete for log-space. We extend this result %of \cite{DLNTW09} further to the classes of graphs which exclude $K_{3,3}$ or $K_5$ as a minor, and give a log-space algorithm. Our algorithm decomposes $K_{3,3}$ minor-free graphs into biconnected and those further into triconnected components, which are known to be either planar or $K_5$ components \cite{Vaz89}. This gives a triconnected component tree similar to that for planar graphs. An extension of the log-space algorithm of \cite{DLNTW09} can then be used to decide the isomorphism problem. For $K_5$ minor-free graphs, we consider $3$-connected components. These are either planar or isomorphic to the four-rung mobius ladder on $8$ vertices or, with a further decomposition, one obtains planar $4$-connected components \cite{Khu88}. We give an algorithm to get a unique decomposition of $K_5$ minor-free graphs into bi-, tri- and $4$-connected components, and construct trees, accordingly. Since the algorithm of \cite{DLNTW09} does not deal with four-connected component trees, it needs to be modified in a quite non-trivial way.
  • Graph isomorphism
  • K_{3,3}-free graphs
  • K_5-free graphs
  • log-space


  • Access Statistics
  • Total Accesses (updated on a weekly basis)
    PDF Downloads