Parameterized Algorithms for Min-Max Multiway Cut and List Digraph Homomorphism

Authors Eun Jung Kim, Christophe Paul, Ignasi Sau, Dimitrios M. Thilikos

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Eun Jung Kim
Christophe Paul
Ignasi Sau
Dimitrios M. Thilikos

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Eun Jung Kim, Christophe Paul, Ignasi Sau, and Dimitrios M. Thilikos. Parameterized Algorithms for Min-Max Multiway Cut and List Digraph Homomorphism. In 10th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2015). Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs), Volume 43, pp. 78-89, Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik (2015)


In this paper we design FPT-algorithms for two parameterized problems. The first is List Digraph Homomorphism: given two digraphs G and H and a list of allowed vertices of H for every vertex of G, the question is whether there exists a homomorphism from G to H respecting the list constraints. The second problem is a variant of Multiway Cut, namely Min-Max Multiway Cut: given a graph G, a non-negative integer l, and a set T of r terminals, the question is whether we can partition the vertices of G into r parts such that (a) each part contains one terminal and (b) there are at most l edges with only one endpoint in this part. We parameterize List Digraph Homomorphism by the number w of edges of G that are mapped to non-loop edges of H and we give a time 2^{O(l * log(h) + l^{2 * log(l)}} * n^{4} * log(n) algorithm, where h is the order of the host graph H.We also prove that Min-Max Multiway Cut can be solved in time 2^{O((l * r)^2 * log(l *r))} * n^{4} * log(n). Our approach introduces a general problem, called List Allocation, whose expressive power permits the design of parameterized reductions of both aforementioned problems to it. Then our results are based on an FPT-algorithm for the List Allocation problem that is designed using a suitable adaptation of the randomized contractions technique (introduced by [Chitnis, Cygan, Hajiaghayi, Pilipczuk, and Pilipczuk, FOCS 2012]).
  • Parameterized complexity
  • Fixed-Parameter Tractable algorithm
  • Multiway Cut
  • Digraph homomorphism


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