License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2019.12
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-114732
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/11473/
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Duarte, Gabriel L. ; Lokshtanov, Daniel ; Pedrosa, Lehilton L. C. ; Schouery, Rafael C. S. ; Souza, UĂ©verton S.

Computing the Largest Bond of a Graph

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Abstract

A bond of a graph G is an inclusion-wise minimal disconnecting set of G, i.e., bonds are cut-sets that determine cuts [S,V\S] of G such that G[S] and G[V\S] are both connected. Given s,t in V(G), an st-bond of G is a bond whose removal disconnects s and t. Contrasting with the large number of studies related to maximum cuts, there are very few results regarding the largest bond of general graphs. In this paper, we aim to reduce this gap on the complexity of computing the largest bond and the largest st-bond of a graph. Although cuts and bonds are similar, we remark that computing the largest bond of a graph tends to be harder than computing its maximum cut. We show that Largest Bond remains NP-hard even for planar bipartite graphs, and it does not admit a constant-factor approximation algorithm, unless P = NP. We also show that Largest Bond and Largest st-Bond on graphs of clique-width w cannot be solved in time f(w) x n^{o(w)} unless the Exponential Time Hypothesis fails, but they can be solved in time f(w) x n^{O(w)}. In addition, we show that both problems are fixed-parameter tractable when parameterized by the size of the solution, but they do not admit polynomial kernels unless NP subseteq coNP/poly.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{duarte_et_al:LIPIcs:2019:11473,
  author =	{Gabriel L. Duarte and Daniel Lokshtanov and Lehilton L. C. Pedrosa and Rafael C. S. Schouery and U{\'e}verton S. Souza},
  title =	{{Computing the Largest Bond of a Graph}},
  booktitle =	{14th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2019)},
  pages =	{12:1--12:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-129-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{148},
  editor =	{Bart M. P. Jansen and Jan Arne Telle},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2019/11473},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-114732},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2019.12},
  annote =	{Keywords: bond, cut, maximum cut, connected cut, FPT, treewidth, clique-width}
}

Keywords: bond, cut, maximum cut, connected cut, FPT, treewidth, clique-width
Collection: 14th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 04.12.2019


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