License
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2018.2
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-95842
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/9584/
Go to the corresponding LIPIcs Volume Portal


Andreev, Mikhail ; Posobin, Gleb ; Shen, Alexander

Plain Stopping Time and Conditional Complexities Revisited

pdf-format:
LIPIcs-MFCS-2018-2.pdf (0.4 MB)


Abstract

In this paper we analyze the notion of "stopping time complexity", the amount of information needed to specify when to stop while reading an infinite sequence. This notion was introduced by Vovk and Pavlovic [Vovk and Pavlovic, 2016]. It turns out that plain stopping time complexity of a binary string x could be equivalently defined as (a) the minimal plain complexity of a Turing machine that stops after reading x on a one-directional input tape; (b) the minimal plain complexity of an algorithm that enumerates a prefix-free set containing x; (c) the conditional complexity C(x|x*) where x in the condition is understood as a prefix of an infinite binary sequence while the first x is understood as a terminated binary string; (d) as a minimal upper semicomputable function K such that each binary sequence has at most 2^n prefixes z such that K(z)<n; (e) as maxC^X(x) where C^X(z) is plain Kolmogorov complexity of z relative to oracle X and the maximum is taken over all extensions X of x. We also show that some of these equivalent definitions become non-equivalent in the more general setting where the condition y and the object x may differ, and answer an open question from Chernov, Hutter and Schmidhuber [Alexey V. Chernov et al., 2007].

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{andreev_et_al:LIPIcs:2018:9584,
  author =	{Mikhail Andreev and Gleb Posobin and Alexander Shen},
  title =	{{Plain Stopping Time and Conditional Complexities Revisited}},
  booktitle =	{43rd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations  of Computer Science (MFCS 2018)},
  pages =	{2:1--2:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-086-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{117},
  editor =	{Igor Potapov and Paul Spirakis and James Worrell},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/9584},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-95842},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.MFCS.2018.2},
  annote =	{Keywords: Kolmogorov complexity, stopping time complexity, structured conditional complexity, algorithmic information theory}
}

Keywords: Kolmogorov complexity, stopping time complexity, structured conditional complexity, algorithmic information theory
Seminar: 43rd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 20.08.2018


DROPS-Home | Fulltext Search | Imprint | Privacy Published by LZI