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Sums of Palindromes: an Approach via Automata

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Abstract

Recently, Cilleruelo, Luca, & Baxter proved, for all bases b >= 5, that every natural number is the sum of at most 3 natural numbers whose base-b representation is a palindrome. However, the cases b = 2, 3, 4 were left unresolved. We prove, using a decision procedure based on automata, that every natural number is the sum of at most 4 natural numbers whose base-2 representation is a palindrome. Here the constant 4 is optimal. We obtain similar results for bases 3 and 4, thus completely resolving the problem.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{rajasekaran_et_al:LIPIcs:2018:8497,
  author =	{Aayush Rajasekaran and Jeffrey Shallit and Tim Smith},
  title =	{{Sums of Palindromes: an Approach via Automata}},
  booktitle =	{35th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2018)},
  pages =	{54:1--54:12},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-062-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{96},
  editor =	{Rolf Niedermeier and Brigitte Vall{\'e}e},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2018/8497},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-84976},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2018.54},
  annote =	{Keywords: finite automaton, nested-word automaton, decision procedure, palindrome, additive number theory}
}

Keywords: finite automaton, nested-word automaton, decision procedure, palindrome, additive number theory
Seminar: 35th Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2018)
Issue date: 2018
Date of publication: 2018


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